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ARS Home » Plains Area » Fargo, North Dakota » Edward T. Schafer Agricultural Research Center » Cereal Crops Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #331482

Research Project: HOST-PATHOGEN INTERACTIONS IN BARLEY AND WHEAT

Location: Cereal Crops Research

Title: 'Elgin-ND' spring wheat: A newly adapted cultivar to the north-central plains of the United States with high agronomic quality performance

Author
item Mergoum, Mohamed - University Of Georgia
item Simsek, Senay - North Dakota State University
item Zhong, Shaobin - North Dakota State University
item Acevedo, Maricelis - North Dakota State University
item Friesen, Timothy
item Alamri, Mohammed - King Saud University
item Xu, Steven
item Liu, Zhaohui - North Dakota State University

Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/20/2016
Publication Date: 4/15/2016
Publication URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/63001
Citation: Mergoum, M., Simsek, S., Zhong, S., Acevedo, M., Friesen, T.L., Alamri, M.S., Xu, S., Liu, Z. 2016. 'Elgin-ND' spring wheat: A newly adapted cultivar to the north-central plains of the United States with high agronomic quality performance. Journal of Plant Registrations. 10:130-134. doi: 10.3198/jpr2015.07.0044crc.

Interpretive Summary: The wheat industry and growers value adapted wheat cultivars with high quality attributes, an essential criteria for maintaining wheat as a competitive commodity at the national and international levels. Therefore, the goal of the breeding program is to develop wheat cultivars that meet the above criteria using appropriate breeding tools. ‘Elgin-ND’ (CV-1116, PI 668099), a hard red spring wheat (HRSW) developed at North Dakota State University was released by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station in 2013. Elgin-ND was released because it was adapted to the US spring wheat growing conditions. It combines high yield potential with high protein and end-use quality and has a good disease resistance package. This includes resistance to Fusarium head blight, stem rust, leaf rust, tan spot, and bacterial leaf blight. However, Elgin-ND relies heavily on the major Lr21 gene that confers resistance to leaf rust. Thus, it is susceptible to the new race that overcomes the Lr21 gene. The name Elgin-ND was named after a small town in western North Dakota, where the cultivar is expected to be widely planted.

Technical Abstract: The spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) industry and growers usually value adapted wheat cultivars with high quality attributes, an essential criteria for maintaining wheat as a competitive commodity at the national and international levels. Therefore, the goal of the breeding program is to develop wheat cultivars that meet the above criteria using appropriate breeding tools. ‘Elgin-ND’ (CV-1116, PI 668099), a hard red spring wheat (HRSW) developed at North Dakota State University was released by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station in 2013. Elgin-ND, tested as experimental line ND818, was released because it is adapted to the US spring wheat growing conditions. It combines high yield potential with high protein and end-use quality and has a good disease resistance package. This includes resistance to Fusarium head blight [caused by Fusarium graminearum Schwabe; teleomorph Gibberella zeae (Schwein.) Petch)]; leaf diseases including stem rust (caused by Puccinia graminis Pers.:Pers. f. sp. tritici Eriks. & E. Henn) and leaf rust (caused by Puccinia triticina Eriks.); tan spot [caused by Pyrenophora tritici-repentis (Died.) Drechs]; and bacterial leaf blight (caused by Xanthomonas translucens pv. undulosa). However, Elgin-ND relies heavily on the major Lr21 gene that confers resistance to leaf rust. Thus, it is susceptible to the new race that overcomes the Lr21 gene. The name Elgin-ND was chosen for ND818 after a small town in western North Dakota, where the cultivar is expected to be widely planted.