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Research Project: Childhood Obesity Prevention

Location: Children's Nutrition Research Center

Title: Strategies for Effective Eating Development-SEEDS: Design of an obesity prevention program to promote healthy food preferences and eating self-regulation in children from low-income families

Author
item HUGHES, SHERYL - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)
item POWER, THOMAS - Washington State University
item BECK, ASHLEY - Washington State University
item BETZ, DREW - Washington State University
item CALODICH, SHIRLEY - Washington State University
item GOODELL, LORA - North Carolina State University
item HILL, LAURA - Washington State University
item HILL, RACHAEL - Washington State University
item JARAMILLO, JESSICA - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)
item JOHNSON, SUSAN - University Of Colorado
item LANIGAN, JANE - Washington State University
item LAWRENCE, ADAIR - Washington State University
item MARTINEZ, ANAMARIA - Washington State University
item NESBITT, MERRIANNEETA - Washington State University
item OVERATH, IRENE - Washington State University
item PARKER, LOUISE - Washington State University
item ULLRICH-FRENCH, SARAH - Washington State University

Submitted to: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/13/2016
Publication Date: 6/1/2016
Citation: Hughes, S.O., Power, T.G., Beck, A., Betz, D., Calodich, S., Goodell, L.S., Hill, L.G., Hill, R., Jaramillo, J.A., Johnson, S.L., Lanigan, J., Lawrence, A., Martinez, A.D., Nesbitt, M., Overath, I., Parker, L., Ullrich-French, S. 2016. Strategies for Effective Eating Development-SEEDS: Design of an obesity prevention program to promote healthy food preferences and eating self-regulation in children from low-income families. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. 48(6):405-418.

Interpretive Summary: Many studies have examined various methods of combating childhood obesity. In addition, intervention programs have been developed in order to address the childhood obesity epidemic and prevent childhood obesity moderate success has been shown. Discuss various factors that may have contributed to this moderate success of previous experimental studies describe the development and methods of the Strategies for Effective Eating Development (SEEDS) prevention program. The SEEDS program will add to the field by focusing on the role parents have in the development of child food preferences, food selection, and self-regulation of energy intake - known risk factors for childhood obesity in low-income families with preschoolers.

Technical Abstract: To develop a scientifically based childhood obesity prevention program supporting child eating self-regulation and taste preferences. This article describes the research methods for the Strategies for Effective Eating Development program. A logic model is provided that depicts a visual presentation of the activities that will be used to guide the development of the prevention program. Randomized, controlled prevention program, pretest, posttest, 6 months, and 12 months. Two sites: Houston, TX and Pasco, WA. Each trial will last 7 weeks with 8-10 mother-child dyads in each arm (prevention and control). Recruitment at Head Start districts (Texas; n = 160) and Inspire Child Development Center including Early Childhood Education and Head Start (Washington; n = 160). Sixteen trials with 16-20 parent-child dyads per trial will provide adequate power to detect moderate effects. Multicomponent family-based prevention program incorporating a dialogue approach to adult learning and self-determination theory. Child assessments will include observed taste preferences, caloric compensation, and eating in the absence of hunger. Parent assessments will include parent-reported feeding, feeding emotions, acculturation, child eating behaviors, child food preferences, and child dietary intake. Heights and weights will be measured for parent and child. A multilevel growth modeling analysis will be employed to consider the nested nature of the data: time points (level 1) within families (level 2) within trials (level 3).