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ARS Home » Midwest Area » St. Paul, Minnesota » Cereal Disease Lab » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #330221

Research Project: CEREAL RUST FUNGI: GENETICS, POPULATION BIOLOGY, AND HOST-PATHOGEN INTERACTIONS

Location: Cereal Disease Lab

Title: Engineering resistance to plant viruses: Present status and future prospects

Author
item Kumar, Jitendra - North Dakota State University
item Singh, Sudhir - North Dakota State University
item Kianian, Shahryar

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/28/2016
Publication Date: 8/28/2016
Citation: Kumar, J., Singh, S.P., Kianian, S. 2016. Engineering resistance to plant viruses: Present status and future prospects. In: Kumar S.D., Pandey, A., Sangwan, R.S. Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering. Amsterdam, Denmark: Elsevier Science Ltd. pp. 75-101.

Interpretive Summary: Plant viruses cause severe crop losses across the globe. Resistant cultivars together with pesticide application are commonly used to avoid the losses caused by plant viruses. However, very limited success has been achieved at diminishing the impact of plant viruses. Use of virus resistant plant is the most effective and economical way to mitigate the losses caused by plant viruses. One of the limitations of the resistant cultivars is the inescapable breakdown of resistance due to evolution of a new viral strain/species. On the other hand, use of pesticides to control insect vectors are costly and cause harmful environmental consequences. Thus, exploiting strategies that provide durable and broad-spectrum resistance are important. The chapter examines the current strategies and future hopes of developing virus resistant transgenic plants.

Technical Abstract: Plant viruses cause severe crop losses across the globe. Resistant cultivars together with pesticide application are commonly used to avoid the losses caused by plant viruses. However, very limited success has been achieved at diminishing the impact of plant viruses. Use of virus resistant plant is the most effective and economical way to mitigate the losses caused by plant viruses. One of the limitations of the resistant cultivars is the inescapable breakdown of resistance due to evolution of a new viral strain/species. On the other hand, use of pesticides to control insect vectors are costly and cause harmful environmental consequences. Thus, exploiting strategies that provide durable and broad-spectrum resistance are important. The chapter examines the current strategies and future hopes of developing virus resistant transgenic plants.