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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Pullman, Washington » WHGQ » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #329986

Research Project: Wheat Quality, Functionality and Marketablility in the Western U.S.

Location: Wheat Health, Genetics, and Quality Research

Title: Quinoa cultivation in western North America: lessons learned and the path forward

Author
item Murphy, Kevin - Washington State University
item Reeve, Jennifer - Utah State University
item Creech, Earl - Utah State University
item Hinojosa, Leonardo - Washington State University
item Maughan, Peter - Brigham Young University
item Jellen, Erik - Brigham Young University
item Kellogg, Julianne - Washington State University
item Machado, Stephen - Oregon State University
item Ludvigson, Kristopher - Washington State University
item Schroeder, Kurtis - University Of Idaho
item Finkelnburg, Doug - University Of Idaho
item Wu, Geyang - Washington State University
item Ganjyal, Girish - Washington State University
item Ross, Carolyn - Washington State University
item Morris, Craig
item Packer, Dan - Washington State University

Submitted to: Agronomy Society of America, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/1/2016
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd) is a relatively new crop to farmers in North America; however recent interest in domestic cultivation of quinoa has skyrocketed due to a rapid, worldwide increase in demand for this nutritious and delicious Andean crop. Researchers at five western U.S. universities have initiated interdisciplinary collaborations with each other and with farmers over the past several years to address many of the varietal and agronomic issues associated with quinoa production. Abiotic stresses including excessive salinity, drought, harvest precipitation, and heat each play a critical role in defining the potential marginal and optimal geographic regions for quinoa production. Multi-location variety trials have identified genotypes with enhanced tolerances to these abiotic stresses, and a breeding program was developed in 2010 to exploit these potential genotype by environment interactions. The allotetraploid genome of quinoa has recently been sequenced, which will further allow for advances in quinoa breeding, localized adaptation, and varietal development. Biotic stresses have been equally challenging, with lygus (Lygus spp.), aphids (Hayhurstia atriplicis and Aphis nasturtii), stem borer (Crambus sp.), armyworms (Spodoptera ornithogalli), and downy mildew (Peronospora variabilis) emerging as the primary pests of quinoa in the western U.S. Competition from weedy relatives (C. album and C. berlandieri) has also been problematic. A broad range of agronomic and cropping system trials on organic, conventional, and no-till partner farms have provided initial grower guidelines with regards to fertility, irrigation, seeding rate, planting date, crop rotation and intercropping options. Varietal differences in end-use quality traits including protein content, seed size, color, and hardness, saponin content, seed coat proportion, texture profiles, total starch and amylose content, optimal cooking time, taste and flavor, have been identified in an effort to develop market classes targeted for unique, distinct, and novel end-uses.