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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Corvallis, Oregon » National Clonal Germplasm Repository » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #329311

Research Project: Management of Temperate-Adapted Fruit, Nut, and Specialty Crop Genetic Resources and Associated Information

Location: National Clonal Germplasm Repository

Title: Microsatellite markers for genetic analyses in southeastern Vaccinium species

Author
item Bidani, Amira - Faculty Of Sciences Of Gabes
item Hummer, Kim
item Olmstead, Jim - University Of Florida
item Lyrene, Paul - University Of Florida
item Rowland, Lisa
item Bassil, Nahla

Submitted to: Acta Horticulturae International Symposium on Vaccinium Culture
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/18/2017
Publication Date: 11/30/2017
Citation: Bidani, A., Hummer, K.E., Olmstead, J., Lyrene, P., Rowland, L.J., Bassil, N.V. 2017. Microsatellite markers for genetic analyses in southeastern Vaccinium species. Acta Horticulturae International Symposium on Vaccinium Culture. 1180:373-378. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1180.51.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1180.51

Interpretive Summary: The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)-Agricultural Research Service (ARS)-National Clonal Germplasm Repository (NCGR) in Corvallis Oregon preserves genetic resources of many temperate fruit crops. This genebank contains more than 1750 cultivars and wild relatives of blueberry from 39 countries. Wild species representatives from northwestern, central and south Florida, and neighboring US states were collected in multiple USDA expeditions and are being preserved at the NCGR-Corvallis. The objective of this study was to identify DNA-based molecular markers that can be used to evaluate genetic diversity in individuals from these southeastern US expeditions. Out of 23 tested DNA-based markers, fifteen appear to generate a product in each of the eight blueberries representing these species and will be used in the future to assist in germplasm management of blueberries fom these species

Technical Abstract: The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)-Agricultural Research Service (ARS)-National Clonal Germplasm Repository (NCGR) in Corvallis, Oregon, USA, preserves genetic resources of many temperate fruit crops, including blueberry. This genebank contains more than 1,750 Vaccinium accessions from 39 countries, with cultivars and selections stored as living plants, and wild relatives stored as seed. Wild species representatives from northwestern, central and southern Florida, and neighboring US states collected during multiple USDA expeditions, are preserved at the NCGR. The objective of this study was to identify single locus microsatellite or simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers that are useful for genetic diversity assessment in four important Vaccinium species from the southeastern US including V. elliottii, V. darrowii, V. fuscatum and V. myrsinites. Twenty-three SSRs were screened on a test panel of eight samples consisting of four V. darrowii accessions, two V. elliottii representatives, and one accession each from V. fuscatum and V. myrsinites. Of 23 V. corymbosum SSRs evaluated, four amplified more than two alleles in representatives of one or all three diploid species or/and more than four in the tetraploid V. myrsinites accession indicating multiple loci. Three SSRs amplified poorly in one or two species. One SSR was monomorphic. Fifteen SSRs amplified single loci and were polymorphic in V. darrowii. The SSRs will be used for population structure and diversity assessment of these species.