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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Griffin, Georgia » Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #328857

Research Project: Conservation, Characterization, and Evaluation of Plant Genetic Resources and Associated Information

Location: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit

Title: Peanut: Origin and botanical descriptions

Author
item Tallury, Shyamalrau - Shyam

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/15/2016
Publication Date: 12/15/2017
Citation: Tallury, S.P. 2017. Peanut: Origin and botanical descriptions. In: Varshney, R.K., Pandey, M.K., Puppula, N., editors. The Peanut Genome. Switzerland: Springer, Cham. p. 27-36. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63935-2.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63935-2

Interpretive Summary: Since the first description of the cultivated peanut, Arachis hypogaea L. by Linneaus in 1753, to the recent monograph on the taxonomy of genus Arachis (Krapovickas and Gregory 1994 and 2007), our knowledge of the genetic structure of the genus including its origin, variability, and geographical distributions of Arachis species has significantly improved. Large germplasm collections have been accumulated in several countries to preserve the genetic diversity and characterize the germplasm resources for efficient utilization in peanut improvement programs. Plant growth and development including the origin and botanical classification of the cultivated species was described here to summarize our current knowledge of the taxon. In spite of these advances, taxonomic and phylogenetic discrepancies still exist as highlighted in this chapter. It is likely that the recent advances in peanut genome sequencing and the availability of new and additional molecular markers may help clarify the genetic structure of genus Arachis and of the cultivated species, A. hypogaea.

Technical Abstract: Since the first description of the cultivated peanut, Arachis hypogaea L. by Linneaus in 1753, to the recent monograph on the taxonomy of genus Arachis (Krapovickas and Gregory 1994 and 2007), our knowledge of the genetic structure of the genus including its origin, variability, and geographical distributions of Arachis species has significantly improved. Large germplasm collections have been accumulated in several countries to preserve the genetic diversity and characterize the germplasm resources for efficient utilization in peanut improvement programs. Plant growth and development including the origin and botanical classification of the cultivated species was described here to summarize our current knowledge of the taxon. In spite of these advances, taxonomic and phylogenetic discrepancies still exist as highlighted in this chapter. It is likely that the recent advances in peanut genome sequencing and the availability of new and additional molecular markers may help clarify the genetic structure of genus Arachis and of the cultivated species, A. hypogaea.