Skip to main content
ARS Home » Southeast Area » Charleston, South Carolina » Vegetable Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #327306

Title: Genetic diversity, host range and disease resistance to the emerging Tomato mottle mosaic virus on tomato

item SUI, XUELIAN - Fujian Agricultural & Forestry University
item Li, Rugang
item Padmanabhan, Chellappan
item Ling, Kai-Shu

Submitted to: Phytopathology
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/15/2016
Publication Date: 12/1/2016
Citation: Sui, X., Li, R., Padmanabhan, C., Ling, K. 2016. Genetic diversity, host range and disease resistance to the emerging Tomato mottle mosaic virus on tomato. Phytopathology. 106: S4.45.

Interpretive Summary: N/A

Technical Abstract: Since its first discovery in 2013 in Mexico, Tomato mottle mosaic virus (ToMMV), a new tomato-infecting tobamovirus is now present in a number of countries (i.e., Brazil, China, and Israel) and several states in the U.S. There is little information available on the molecular and biological properties of this emerging virus. With approximately 80-85% nucleotide sequence identity to two other common tobamoviruses, Tomato mosaic virus (ToMV) and Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), there is a need to understand the genetic diversity and serological and biological properties of this emerging virus in order to develop a species-specific detection method, and to assess disease resistance durability in tomato cultivars. Comparative host range evaluation showed similarity in host species infected by three tobamoviruses. However, ToMMV was more aggressive on host plants than that of TMV and ToMV. To evaluate whether the emerging ToMMV could break the disease resistance, three commercial tomato cultivars were screened along with control Moneymaker tomato through mechanical inoculation. We observed different responses in tomato cultivars to the three tomato-infecting tobamoviruses. ToMMV exhibited aggressiveness and broke the resistance in a tomato cultivar that had demonstrated full resistance to both TMV and ToMV. This resistance breaking in tomato by the emerging ToMMV presents a serious concern for tomato growers. The mechanism of such resistance breaking will be discussed.