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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Davis, California » Nat'l Clonal Germplasm Rep - Tree Fruit & Nut Crops & Grapes » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #326712

Research Project: Management of Genetic Resources & Associated Information for Grape, Tree Fruit, Tree Nut, & Other Specialty Crops to Mediterranean Climates

Location: Nat'l Clonal Germplasm Rep - Tree Fruit & Nut Crops & Grapes

Title: The effect of explant cut and cytokinin type on micropropagation of fig (Ficus carica L.) ‘Brown Turkey’

Author
item Volo, Placido - University Of Palermo Italy
item Preece, John
item Caruso, Tiziano - University Of Palermo Italy

Submitted to: Acta Horticulturae
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/1/2017
Publication Date: 10/31/2017
Citation: Volo, P., Preece, J.E., Caruso, T. 2017. The effect of explant cut and cytokinin type on micropropagation of fig (Ficus carica L.) ‘Brown Turkey’. Acta Horticulturae. 1173:227-230. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1173.39.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1173.39

Interpretive Summary: This study was conducted to micropropagate ‘Brown Turkey’ fig, one of the most popular cultivars in California, USA for fresh and dried uses. Nodal segments cut lengthwise or not were cultured on Woody Plant Medium containing 0.3, 1.0 or 3.0 µM of N-6 benzyladenine (BA) or kinetin in a 3 (concentrations) x 2 (cytokinins) x 2 (explant types) factorial experiment. Sixty percent of explants became contaminated with various microbes when the standard protocol of washing shoots for 3 h under running tap water. Microbial contamination was nearly eliminated when the running water rinse and the use of an ascorbic acid dip were eliminated. Phenolic exudation was not a problem. Shoots grew longer with more leaves when the medium was supplemented with 0.3 µM kinetin that with BA or lower concentration of kinetin. Shoots also rooted at a 47% rate when 3.0 µM kinetin was in the medium. More shoot growth was occurred on explants where the stem was cut in half lengthwise than those not receiving this cut.

Technical Abstract: This study was conducted to micropropagate ‘Brown Turkey’ fig, one of the most popular cultivars in California, USA for fresh and dried uses. Nodal segments cut lengthwise or not were cultured on Woody Plant Medium containing 0.3, 1.0 or 3.0 µM of N-6 benzyladenine (BA) or kinetin in a 3 (concentrations) x 2 (cytokinins) x 2 (explant types) factorial experiment. Sixty percent of explants became contaminated with various microbes when the standard protocol of washing shoots for 3 h under running tap water. Microbial contamination was nearly eliminated when the running water rinse and the use of an ascorbic acid dip were eliminated. Phenolic exudation was not a problem. Shoots grew longer with more leaves when the medium was supplemented with 0.3 µM kinetin that with BA or lower concentration of kinetin. Shoots also rooted at a 47% rate when 3.0 µM kinetin was in the medium. More shoot growth was occurred on explants where the stem was cut in half lengthwise than those not receiving this cut.