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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinois » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Renewable Product Technology Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #326610

Research Project: New Biobased Products and Improved Biochemical Processes for the Biorefining Industry

Location: Renewable Product Technology Research

Title: A novel inhibitor of Lactobacillus biofilms prevents stuck fermentations in a shake flask model

item Saunders, Lauren
item Bowman, Michael
item Bischoff, Kenneth
item Leathers, Timothy

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/24/2016
Publication Date: 7/24/2016
Citation: Saunders, L.P., Bowman, M.J., Bischoff, K.M., Leathers, T.D. 2016. A novel inhibitor of Lactobacillus biofilms prevents stuck fermentations in a shake flask model [abstract]. Society for Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology. P83.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Yeast ethanol fermentations contain contaminating bacteria and yeast, with Lactobacilli being a frequent contaminant. These bacteria tolerate the low pH and high ethanol concentrations present in the fermentation, and can decrease the ethanol yield. Fermentations are routinely treated with antibiotics to reduce bacterial contaminants; however, this does not always resolve the contamination, perhaps due to biofilm formation by the contaminating bacteria. In this study, a novel inhibitor of Lactobacillus sp. biofilm and planktonic growth was analyzed. This inhibitor does not inhibit growth of any other bacteria or yeast tested, making it the first known Lactobacillus biofilm inhibitor that is specific for Lactobacillus. This inhibitor was added to a yeast catalyzed ethanol fermentation of corn mash experimentally infected with Lactobacillus fermentum. The addition of the inhibitor increased the ethanol yield and decreased the residual glucose to the levels seen in an uninfected control. This inhibitor is a good candidate for prevention of Lactobacillus contamination in ethanol fermentations on a commercial scale.