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ARS Home » Plains Area » Lincoln, Nebraska » Wheat, Sorghum and Forage Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #326201

Research Project: Genetic Improvement of Sorghum for Non-Grain Energy Uses

Location: Wheat, Sorghum and Forage Research

Title: Response of sweet sorghum lines to stalk pathogens fusarium thapsinum and macrophomina phaseolina

item Funnell-Harris, Deanna
item O`Neill, Patrick
item Sattler, Scott

Submitted to: American Phytopathological Society Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/16/2016
Publication Date: 7/30/2016
Citation: Funnell-Harris, D.L., Oneill, P.M., Sattler, S.E. 2016. Response of sweet sorghum lines to stalk pathogens fusarium thapsinum and macrophomina phaseolina. American Phytopathological Society Annual Meeting. [abstract] American Phytopathological Society.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] has potential for bioenergy. It is adapted to a variety of U.S. locations and the extracted juice can be directly fermented into ethanol. However, little research on fungal stalk rots has been reported, even though these diseases pose serious constraints for yield, juice quality and biomass usability. A greenhouse bioassay was designed to assess charcoal rot (Macrophomina phaseolina) and Fusarium stalk rot (Fusarium thapsinum) susceptibility at maturity, when these diseases are manifested in the field. Multiple plantings of a susceptible grain line, RTx430, were used as a control for variation in flowering times amongst sweet sorghum lines. Lesion length measurements in inoculated peduncles were used to quantify disease severity. Sweet sorghum lines ‘Rio’ and M81E exhibited resistance to F. thapsinum and M. phaseolina, respectively, and in contrast, line ‘Colman’ exhibited susceptibility to both pathogens. Lesion development over time was monitored in Colman. These results will enhance molecular and biochemical analyses of sweet sorghum responses to pathogens, and breeding stalk rot resistant sweet sorghum.