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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Stuttgart, Arkansas » Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #326103

Title: Fine Mapping and Introgressing a Fissure Resistance Locus

item SATER, HALEY - University Of Arkansas
item MOLDENHAUER, KAREN - University Of Arkansas
item MASON, RICHARD - University Of Arkansas
item Pinson, Shannon
item SIEBENMORGEN, TERRY - University Of Arkansas
item BOYETT, VIRGINIA - University Of Arkansas

Submitted to: Rice Technical Working Group Meeting Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/25/2016
Publication Date: 9/12/2017
Citation: Sater, H.M., Moldenhauer, K.K., Mason, R.E., Pinson, S.R., Siebenmorgen, T., Boyett, V.A. 2017. Fine Mapping and Introgressing a Fissure Resistance Locus. Rice Technical Working Group Meeting Proceedings. p. 170-171. March 2-4, 2016. CDROM.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Rice (Oryza sativa L.) kernel fissuring is a major concern of both rice producers and millers. Fissures are small cracks in rice kernels that increase breakage among kernels when transported or milled, which decrease the value of processed rice. This study employed molecular gene tagging methods to fine-map a fissure resistance (FR) locus found in ‘Cybonnet’, a semidwarf tropical japonica cultivar, as well as transfer this trait to rice genotypes of taller, non-semidwarf plant height that are better adapted to some rice production systems . Three QTLs for FR were previously reported; the FR locus with strongest effect resides near the semidwarf sd-1 locus on the long arm of chromosome 1, explaining associations observed between increased FR and reduced plant height. This study began with F2 progeny from a cross between a U.S. inbred breeding line with standard height (Sd1Sd1) and high kernel breakage upon milling, and Cybonnet, which is semidwarf (sd1sd1) and noted for having improved milling quality due to increased FR. Simple sequence repeat (SSR) molecular markers were used to select ten F2 progeny plants that retained at least one copy of the Sd1 allele but also contained evidence of genetic recombination in the region of chromosome 1 known to contain Sd1 and qFIS1-2, so that the positon of qFIS1-2 relative to Sd1 could be determined more precisely, and so that FR allele could be recombined with the Sd1 allele . Three of the ten selected plants were also homozygous at the two known FR QTLs that are not closely linked to sd1; another four plants were homozygous at one but not both of the two additional FR loci. The F2:3 progeny generated were genotyped prior to being phenotyped; only individuals homozygous for the new recombination underwent laborious evaluation for FR. Progeny from four of ten populations have been phenotyped. Marker-trait linkages observed in the first two populations indicated that qFIS1-2 resides distal to RM1068. Research efforts were then focused on just those populations whose recombination points were distal to RM1068 (i.e., at a base pair location higher 1:38439184). Results from the four populations observed to date indicate that the qFIS1-2 locus resides distal to RM1068 at 1:38439184 but anterior to RM3482 at 1: 39720039, or approximately 4 to 10 cM distal to sd-1 on chromosome 1. The recombination documented in this study verifies that the previously identified qFIS1-2 is linked to but not pleiotropic with sd1 and thus can be recombined with Sd1 during introgression breeding to increase the FR of rice cultivars having standard height.