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ARS Home » Plains Area » Lincoln, Nebraska » Wheat, Sorghum and Forage Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #325468

Research Project: Genetic Improvement of Winter Wheat for End-Use Quality and Disease Resistance

Location: Wheat, Sorghum and Forage Research

Title: Registration of ‘NE05548’ (husker genetics brand panhandle) hard red winter wheat

Author
item Baenziger, Stephen - University Of Nebraska
item Graybosch, Robert - Bob
item Regassa, Teshome - University Of Nebraska
item Klein, Robert - University Of Nebraska
item Kruger, Greg - University Of Nebraska
item Santra, Dipak - University Of Nebraska
item Rose, Devin - University Of Nebraska
item Wegulo, Stephen - University Of Nebraska
item Jin, Yue
item Kolmer, James - Jim
item Hein, Gary - University Of Nebraska
item Chen, Ming-shun
item Bai, Guihua
item Bowden, Robert - Bob
item Poland, Jesse - Kansas State University

Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/11/2016
Publication Date: 5/31/2016
Publication URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/62973
Citation: Baenziger, S.P., Graybosch, R.A., Regassa, T., Klein, R.N., Kruger, G.R., Santra, D.K., Rose, D.J., Wegulo, S.N., Jin, Y., Kolmer, J.A., Hein, G.L., Chen, M., Bai, G., Bowden, R.L., Poland, J.A. 2016. Registration of ‘NE05548’ (husker genetics brand panhandle) hard red winter wheat. Journal of Plant Registrations. 10(2). doi:10.3198/jpr2016.01.0006crc.

Interpretive Summary: The western Great Plains wheat belt is climatically and geographically diverse. Due to year to year and place to place rainfall and temperature variations, wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars with taller plant stature are preferred by western Nebraska wheat producers as a way to provide a wheat crop that is easily harvested when the crop becomes shorter in height due to drought. Tall wheats tend to retain the ability to emerge under quickly in the fall and establish readily before the onset of winter dormancy. Popular wheat cultivars in this area included Scout 66, Centurk, Buckskin, Centura, Pronghorn and Goodstreak, all of which are conventional height lines with no major semi-dwarfing genes. To expand the available genetic diversity, the development of new, higher yielding, taller wheat cultivars is a goal of the Nebraska Agricultural Experiment Station and the USDA-ARS cooperative wheat improvement team. Other major goals of the Nebraska Wheat Improvement team include winter hardiness, resistance to stem rust and capability of producing an acceptable loaf of bread. To meet the need for new tall wheats in the western Great Plains ‘NE05548’ (PI 670462) hard red winter wheat was developed and released cooperatively by the Nebraska Agricultural Experiment Station and the USDA-ARS. NE05548 will be marketed and sold as Husker Genetics Brand ‘Panhandle’. In five years of testing, NE05548 had higher grain yield than many available tall winter wheat cultivars. NE05548 is well adapted to rainfed wheat production in western Great Plains locations. The name Panhandle was chosen for the panhandle of Nebraska, the region of Nebraska where this line is adapted and where taller wheat cultivars are still popular.

Technical Abstract: Western Nebraska wheat producers and those in adjacent areas want taller wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars that retain their height under drought for better harvestability. ‘NE05548’ (Reg. No. CV-1117, PI 670462) hard red winter wheat was developed cooperatively by the Nebraska Agricultural Experiment Station and the USDA-ARS and released in January 2014 by the developing institutions. NE05548 was released primarily for its superior performance under rainfed conditions in western Nebraska and adjacent areas of the Great Plains and its tall plant stature. NE05548 was selected from the cross NE97426/NE98574 made in 1999 where the pedigree of NE97426 is ‘Brigantina’/2*‘Arapahoe’ and the pedigree of NE98574 is CO850267/‘Rawhide’. The F1 generation was grown in the greenhouse in 2000, and the F2 to F3 generations were advanced using the bulk breeding method in the field at Mead, NE, in 2001 to 2002. In 2003, single F3–derived F4 head rows were grown for selection. There was no further selection thereafter. The F3:5 was evaluated as a single four-row plot at Lincoln, NE, and a single row at Mead, NE, in 2004. In 2005, it was assigned the experimental line number NE05548. NE05548 was evaluated in replicated trials thereafter. It has excellent winter survival, acceptable disease reactions to many of the common diseases in its target area, and acceptable end-use quality for bread making.