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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Aberdeen, Idaho » Small Grains and Potato Germplasm Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #324633

Research Project: Genetic Improvement of Barley and Oats for Enhanced Quality and Biotic Stress Resistance

Location: Small Grains and Potato Germplasm Research

Title: Registration of ‘Kardia’, a Two-Rowed Spring Food Barley

Author
item Hu, Gongshe
item Evans, Christopher - Chris
item Satterfield, Kathy
item Ellberg, Sherry
item MARSHALL, JULIET - University Of Idaho
item OBERT, DON - Limagrain Cereal Seeds

Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/20/2016
Publication Date: 8/30/2016
Citation: Hu, G., Evans, C.P., Satterfield, K.L., Ellberg, S., Marshall, J., Obert, D. 2016. Registration of ‘Kardia’, a Two-Rowed Spring Food Barley. Journal of Plant Registrations. 10:213-216.

Interpretive Summary: Food barley is attractive to the food industry because of the health beneficial effects from its high content of dietary fiber. Both hulled and hulless cultivars are being used for food barley production. The most commonly grown hulled barley for food is the cultivar Salute. Although Salute has good yield and agronomic traits, the content of the most important dietary fiber, beta-glucan, is relatively low. ‘Kardia’ is a two-rowed spring food barley developed by the USDA-ARS, Aberdeen, ID, in cooperation with the University of Idaho Agricultural Experiment Station. Like Salute, Kardia is also a hulled cultivar. In multiple years’ tests, Kardia showed yield levels similar to those of Salute, but the beta-glucan in Kardia is 40% higher than that of Salute. The combination of good yield and high beta-glucan content in Kardia should benefit both barley growers and the food barley industry.

Technical Abstract: ‘Kardia’ (Reg. No. XXXX, XXXX), a two-rowed spring food barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) developed by the USDA-ARS, Aberdeen, ID, in cooperation with the University of Idaho Agricultural Experiment Station, was released in 2015. Kardia is derived from the cross of ‘03AH3054 / 98Ab12019’ and was advanced through bulk pedigree F1 – F5. Kardia has been tested at the USDA-ARS and all other cooperative trials, as line 2Ab09-X06F084-51. Kardia tested across 22 location years and has shown similar yield to the current food barley cultivar check Salute, but has higher yield than Baronesse, a feed barley check. Kardia, however, has shown significantly higher ß-glucan content than Salute. Kardia could be a good hulled cultivar and a better alternative than Salute in the food barley production market.