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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Davis, California » Western Human Nutrition Research Center » Obesity and Metabolism Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #324411

Research Project: Improving Public Health by Understanding Diversity in Diet, Body, and Brain Interactions

Location: Obesity and Metabolism Research

Title: Effects of Extra Virgin Olive Oil (EVOO) Oleocanthal and Oleacein Content on Platelet Reactivity in Healthy Adults

Author
item Holt, Roberta - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
item Agarwal, Karan - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
item Li, Xuequi - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
item Melliou, Eleni - UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS
item Pedersen, Theresa - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
item Wang, Selina - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
item Flynn, Dan - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
item Magiatis, Prokopios - UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS
item Newman, John

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/5/2015
Publication Date: 4/2/2016
Citation: Holt, R.R., Agarwal, K., Li, X., Melliou, E., Pedersen, T., Wang, S., Flynn, D., Magiatis, P., Newman, J.W. 2016. Effects of Extra Virgin Olive Oil (EVOO) Oleocanthal and Oleacein Content on Platelet Reactivity in Healthy Adults. Meeting Abstract. Experimental Biology 2016, San Diego CA Apr. 2-6.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Effects of Extra Virgin Olive Oil (EVOO) Oleocanthal and Oleacein Content on Platelet Reactivity in Healthy Adults. Roberta R Holt1, Karan Agarwal1, Xuequi Li2, Eleni Melliou3, Theresa Pedersen1, Selina Wang2, Dan Flynn2, Prokopios Magiatis3, John W Newman1,4 1Department of Nutrition, and 2UC Davis Olive Center, University of California, Davis CA, USA; 3Department of Pharmacognosy and Natural Products Chemistry, University of Athens, Greece; 4USDA-ARS, Western Human Nutrition Research Center, Davis CA, USA. Data from limited dietary intervention trials suggest that the cardiovascular health benefit of EVOOs may increase as their phenolic antioxidants content increases. However, while EVOOs contain an array of bioactive compounds, little information exists regarding the physiological effects of specific chemical species. Among the EVOO-derived phenolics with demonstrated anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects in animal and in vitro models is oleocanthal, an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase (COX). The current study compared the impact of acute intake (40 mL) of EVOO on platelet reactivity in healthy adult males (n=9). Three EVOOs were characterized and chosen for equivalency in their total phenolic content and fatty acid profiles, but differing in their oleocanthal to oleacein ratio. In a randomized double-blind cross-over study design, subjects consumed EVOOs that provided either a ~2:1 oleocanthal/oleacein (Oleo+) or 2:1 oleacein compared to oleocanthal (Olea+). A third EVOO served as a control, providing minimal amounts of oleocanthal and oleacein but had a similar total phenolic content in the form of free tyrosol (Oleo-Olea-). A positive control for to platelet response was obtained after the intake of 400 mg of ibuprofen on a fourth study visit. Blood samples for optical platelet aggregometry were collected at baseline, and 2 hours post EVOO intake; with samples for oxylipin analysis collected from the activated platelet supernatants. Maximum platelet aggregation (Pmax) was significantly reduced 2 hours after Ibuprofen intake compared to all EVOOs when platelets were activated with either 1 µg/mL or 3 µg/mL of collagen. No significant differences between EVOOs for Pmax were observed with 3 µg/mL of collagen. However, 1 µg/mL collagen-induced Pmax was significantly reduced (repeated measures ANOVA, p<0.05) for Oleo+ , but not Olea+ compared to Oleo-Olea- 2 hours after intake (7.3 ± 8, -12.4 ± 12, and -29 ± 11, mean ± SEM percent basal activity, respectively). These changes in Pmax were strongly correlated with the change in the sum of COX and 12-lipoxygenase (LOX) (r2 = 0.53), although considerable individual variability in both platelet response and COX and LOX product formation was noted. Taken together the data suggests that platelet response after EVOO intake is dependent on the presence of specific phenolics.