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Title: The Dietary guideline 2005 and physical activities role in weight management of University Arkansas at Pine Bluff

item GAO-BALCH, YING HUA - University Of Arkansas At Pine Bluff
item WALLER, FELICIA D. TAYL - University Of Arkansas At Pine Bluff

Submitted to: Integrative Food, Nutrition and Metabolism
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/17/2015
Publication Date: 4/19/2015
Citation: Gao-Balch, Y., Waller, F. 2015. The Dietary guideline 2005 and physical activities role in weight management of University Arkansas at Pine Bluff. Integrative Food, Nutrition and Metabolism. 2(2):159-162.

Interpretive Summary: Currently more than 65% of American adults are overweight or obese, and most obesity research to date have focused on biomedical aspects rather than on the importance of diet and physical activity behaviors in maintaining a healthy body weight. There is a need to identify new strategies that will enhance adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2005 (DG). Researchers culturally adapted a 12 month weight loss intervention modeled after the DG and conducted the intervention with university students. We found that the obesity intervention program may be effectively used to decrease body weight in this population. Findings from such studies have the potential to guide future research interventions with the goal of obesity prevention in similar populations.

Technical Abstract: To evaluate the effectiveness of the weight loss initiative, researchers at the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff conducted an obesity prevention intervention based on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans approach. A 12 month study was conducted that focused on interventions to improve physical activity and health through walking teams led by supportive coaches; self-monitoring; and monthly nutrition and physical education sessions. Of 80 participants 10% were normal weight, 22% were overweight, and 57% were obese. Ninety-nine percent were African American and 97% were women. The average age was 21 years. Results indicated that from the beginning to the end of the intervention season 58% of the original students who returned for follow-up assessments had a weight loss was 5% in 52% of the students, weight gain in 6% in 18% of the students. Significant weight loss was 10% in 11% of the students, it was not significant weight loss was 2% in the 19% of the students (p<.0001). A multicomponent university student obesity intervention was an effective program that may need further research.