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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Florence, South Carolina » Coastal Plain Soil, Water and Plant Conservation Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #323223

Research Project: Innovative Bioresource Management Technologies for Enhanced Environmental Quality and Value Optimization

Location: Coastal Plain Soil, Water and Plant Conservation Research

Title: Swine odor removal with biochar

Author
item Hwang, Okhwas - Korean Rural Development Administration
item Cho, Sung Back - Korean Rural Development Administration
item Han, Deug Woo - Korean Rural Development Administration
item Lee, Sang Ryong - Korean Rural Development Administration
item Ro, Kyoung

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/3/2015
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Thermo-chemical treatment of natural biomass feedstock, such as pyrolysis, can produce value-added biochar, a carbonaceous solid product. The biochar has been used as a soil amendment to improve soil quality and sequester carbon. Biochar can also be used as an adsorbent to reduce malodorous emissions from livestock operations. The objective of this study was to evaluate the odor removal potential of various biochars, made from different biomass feedstocks and process conditions. Both plant- and animal manure-based biomass feedstocks were pyrolyzed at 350 degrees Celsius and 500 degrees Celsius. Some of these were also partially activated with steam at 700 degrees Celsius. The biochar samples were then analyzed for their chemical elemental compositions, volatile matter, fixed carbon, ash contents, density, and surface areas. Sorption capacities of these biochar were evaluated using a continuous flow sorption column system. Odorous volatile organic compounds (VOCs), phenolic, and indoles along with S containing compounds were analyzed with GC/MS. Headspace gas from a tank containing raw swine manure was introduced at 300 mL/min into a sorption column containing 10 g of biochar. Sorption capacities of these biochar samples for each different odorous compounds will be presented at the meeting.