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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinois » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Mycotoxin Prevention and Applied Microbiology Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #322473

Research Project: GENETIC CONTROL OF FUSARIUM MYCOTOXINS TO ENHANCE FOOD SAFETY

Location: Mycotoxin Prevention and Applied Microbiology Research

Title: Regulation of Botrytis cinerea virulence genes in interaction with Trichoderma arundinaceum is mediated by the sesquiterpene harzianum A

Author
item Malmierca, M - University Of Leon
item Barua, J - University Of Cadiz
item Mccormick, Susan
item Cardoza, R - University Of Leon
item Alexander, N - Retired ARS Employee
item Izquierdo-bueno, I - University Of Cadiz
item Barreiro, C - Inbiotec
item Collado, I - University Of Cadiz
item Monte, E - University Of Salamanca

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/11/2015
Publication Date: 6/11/2015
Citation: Malmierca, M.G., Barua, J., McCormick, S.P., Cardoza, R.E., Alexander, N.J., Izquierdo-Bueno, I., Barreiro, C., Collado, I.G., Monte, E. 2015. Regulation of Botrytis cinerea virulence genes in interaction with Trichoderma arundinaceum is mediated by the sesquiterpene harzianum A. Meeting Abstract. 0710.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Trichoderma includes a great diversity of species, some of them with the ability to control the growth of fungal phytopathogens. Many of these strains produce secondary metabolites that are able to inhibit the growth of their fungal preys. However, pathogens can also produce metabolites that in some cases belong to the same family of those produced by Trichoderma. In the present work we study the interaction between Harzianum A (HA) produced by T. arundinaceum (Ta37) and botrydial (BOT) produced by Botrytis cinerea. HA exhibits antifungal activity, and BOT is a strong virulence factor in plant disease. A procedure of confrontation between these two strains was implemented, followed by the analysis of gene expression by real-time PCR using mycelia isolated from the confrontation areas. To better characterize the regulatory responses produced by HA, the TaDTri5 mutant, isolated by disruption of tri5 gene and blocked in the synthesis of HA, was also used. It was observed that HA induced expression of genes involved in BOT biosynthesis when HA was added to B. cinerea growing alone. However, in confrontation experiments against TaDTri5 the expression of these genes was higher than in confrontation with Ta37, indicating that the mutant must produce some metabolite/s, responsible for such induction. A different metabolite production pattern was described for Ta37 and TaDTri5, which is in agreement with the proteomic characterization of these two strains, suggesting that genetic disruption of tri5 had a systemic effect of the fungal physiology not only restricted to the terpene pathway.