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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Columbia, Missouri » Cropping Systems and Water Quality Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #320802

Research Project: LANDSCAPE-BASED CROP MANAGEMENT FOR FOOD, FEED, AND BIOENERGY

Location: Cropping Systems and Water Quality Research

Title: Integrating soil and weather information into canopy sensor algorithms for improved corn nitrogen rate recommendation

Author
item Bean, G - University Of Missouri
item Kitchen, Newell
item Camberato, J - Purdue University
item Carter, P - Dupont Pioneer Hi-Bred
item Ferguson, R - University Of Nebraska
item Fernandez, F - University Of Minnesota
item Franzen, D - North Dakota State University
item Laboski, C.a.m. - University Of Wisconsin
item Nafziger, E - University Of Illinois
item Sawyer, J - Iowa State University
item Shanahan, J - Dupont Pioneer Hi-Bred

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/31/2015
Publication Date: 11/15/2015
Citation: Bean, G.M., Kitchen, N.R., Camberato, J.J., Carter, P.R., Ferguson, R.B., Fernandez, F.G., Franzen, D.W., Laboski, C., Nafziger, E.D., Sawyer, J.E., Shanahan, J. 2015. Integrating soil and weather information into canopy sensor algorithms for improved corn nitrogen rate recommendation [abstract]. ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meeting, November 15-18, 2015, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Paper No. 93026.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Corn production can be often limited by the loss of nitrogen (N) due to leaching, volatilization and denitrification. The use of canopy sensors for making in-season N fertilizer applications has been proven effective in matching plant N requirements with periods of rapid N uptake (V7-V11), reducing the amount of N lost to these processes. However, N recommendation algorithms used in conjunction with canopy sensor measurements have not proven accurate in many fields of the US Cornbelt, resulting in poor N recommendations. Objectives for this research were to evaluate the performance of published canopy reflectance sensing algorithms used for making in-season corn N fertilizer recommendations and to determine if soil and weather information could be used to make canopy reflectance sensing algorithms more accurate. This presentation summarizes the first year of a three-year study. Nitrogen response trials were conducted across eight states, totaling 16 sites (two per state) with soils ranging in productivity. Reflectance measurements at ±V9 were related to economic optimal N rate (EONR). An algorithm developed in Missouri alone was not an accurate predictor of EONR. When the Missouri algorithm was adjusted using either measured percent soil organic matter or USDA SSURGO plant available water content (top 90 cm of the soil profile) the N recommendation averaged within 25 kg/ha of EONR. This suggests the incorporation of soil information into the Missouri algorithm can greatly enhance its accuracy at predicting site-specific EONR.