Skip to main content
ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Davis, California » Crops Pathology and Genetics Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #319445

Research Project: Improvement of Postharvest Performance of Ornamentals Using Molecular Genetic Approaches

Location: Crops Pathology and Genetics Research

Title: Transcriptomic analysis reveals numerous diverse protein kinases and transcription factors involved in desiccation tolerance in the resurrection plant Myrothamnus flabellifolia

Author
item MA, CHAO - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
item WANG, HONG - JIANGSU ACADEMY AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
item MACNISH, ANDREW - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
item ESTRADA-MELO, ALEJANDRO - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
item LIN, JING - JIANGSU ACADEMY AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
item YOUHONG, CHANG - JIANGSU ACADEMY AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
item REID, MICHAEL - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
item Jiang, Cai-Zhong

Submitted to: Horticulture Research
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/9/2015
Publication Date: 7/22/2015
Publication URL: http://www.nature.com/articles/hortres201534
Citation: Ma, C., Wang, H., Macnish, A.J., Estrada-Melo, A.C., Lin, J., Youhong, C., Reid, M.S., Jiang, C. 2015. Transcriptomic analysis reveals numerous diverse protein kinases and transcription factors involved in desiccation tolerance in the resurrection plant Myrothamnus flabellifolia. Horticulture Research. doi: 10.1038/hortres.2015.34.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The woody resurrection plant Myrothamnus flabellifolia has remarkable tolerance to desiccation. Pyro-sequencing technology permitted us to analyze the transcriptome of M. flabellifolia during both dehydration and rehydration. We identified a total of 8287 and 8542 differentially transcribed genes during dehydration and rehydration treatments respectively. Approximately 295 transcription factors (TFs) and 484 protein kinases (PKs) were up- or down-regulated in response to desiccation stress. Among these, the transcript levels of 53 TFs and 91 PKs increased rapidly and peaked early during dehydration. These regulators transduce signal cascades of molecular pathways, including the up-regulation of ABA-dependent and independent drought stress pathways and the activation of protective mechanisms for coping with oxidative damage. Antioxidant systems are up-regulated, and the photosynthetic system is modified to reduce ROS generation. Secondary metabolism may participate in the desiccation tolerance of M. flabellifolia as indicated by increases in transcript abundance of genes involved in isopentenyl diphosphate biosynthesis. Up-regulation of genes encoding late embryogenesis abundant proteins and sucrose phosphate synthase is also associated with increased tolerance to desiccation. During rehydration, the transcriptome is also enriched in transcripts of genes encoding TFs and PKs, as well as genes involved in photosynthesis, and protein synthesis. The data reported here contribute comprehensive insights into the molecular mechanisms of desiccation tolerance in M. flabellifolia.