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Research Project: Pediatric Clinical Nutrition

Location: Children's Nutrition Research Center

Title: Ready-to-use foods for management of moderate acute malnutrition: Considerations for scaling up production and use in programs

item OSENDARP, SASKIA - Micronutrient Initiative
item ROGERS, BEATRICE - Tufts University
item RYAN, KELSEY - Washington University School Of Medicine
item MANARY, MARK - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)
item AKOMO, PETER - Valid International
item BAHWERE, PALUKU - Valid International
item BELETE, HILINA - Hilina Enriched Food
item ZEILANI, MAMANE - Nutriset
item ISLAM, MUNIRUL - International Centre For Diarrhoeal Disease Research
item DIBARI, FILIPPO - World Food Programme
item DE PEE, SASKIA - World Food Programme

Submitted to: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/1/2015
Publication Date: 3/1/2015
Citation: Osendarp, S., Rogers, B., Ryan, K., Manary, M., Akomo, P., Bahwere, P., Belete, H., Zeilani, M., Islam, M., Dibari, F., De Pee, S. 2015. Ready-to-use foods for management of moderate acute malnutrition: Considerations for scaling up production and use in programs. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. 36(1 Suppl):S59-S64.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Ready-to-use foods are one of the available strategies for the treatment of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM), but challenges remain in the use of these products in programs at scale. This paper focuses on two challenges: the need for cheaper formulations using locally available ingredients that are processed in a safe, reliable, and financially sustainable local production facility; and the effective use of these products in large-scale community-based programs. Linear programming tools can be used successfully to design local compositions that are in line with international guidelines, low in cost, and acceptable, and the efficacy of these local formulations in the treatment of MAM was recently demonstrated in Malawi. The production of local formulations for programs at scale relies on the existence of a reliable and efficient local production facility. Technical assistance may be required in the development of sustainable business models at an early stage in the process, taking into account the stringent product quality and safety criteria and the required investments. The use of ready-to-use products, as of any food supplement, in programs at scale will be affected by the practice of household sharing and diversion of these products for other uses. Additional measures can be considered to account for sharing. These products designed for the treatment and prevention of MAM are to be used in community-based programs and should therefore be used in conjunction with other interventions and designed so that they do not replace the intake of other foods and breastmilk. Remaining challenges and implications for the (operations) research agenda are discussed.