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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Tucson, Arizona » SWRC » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #319065

Research Project: Ecohydrological Processes, Scale, Climate Variability, and Watershed Management

Location: Southwest Watershed Research Center

Title: Evaluation of green infrastructure designs using the Automated Geospatial Watershed Assessment Tool

Author
item GUERTIN, D.P. - University Of Arizona
item KORGAONKAR, Y. - University Of Arizona
item BURNS, I.S. - University Of Arizona
item BARLOW, J. - University Of Arizona
item Unkrich, Carl
item Goodrich, David - Dave
item KEPNER, W.G. - Us Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Submitted to: American Society Of Civil Engineers Watershed Management Conference
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/30/2015
Publication Date: 8/5/2015
Citation: Guertin, D., Korgaonkar, Y., Burns, I., Barlow, J., Unkrich, C.L., Goodrich, D.C., Kepner, W. 2015. Evaluation of green infrastructure designs using the Automated Geospatial Watershed Assessment Tool. Environmental & Water Resources Institute 2015 Watershed Management Conference (American Society of Civil Engineers). Reston, VA. 5-7 August 2015, pp.229-239.

Interpretive Summary: Green Infrastructure (GI) are features added to sub-divisions and urban developments to capture and hold rainfall and runoff on the developed area to reduce downstream storm water runoff. In arid and semi-arid regions, GI designs can address several issues facing urban environments, including augmenting water supply, mitigating flooding, decreasing pollutant loads, and promoting greenness in the built environment. An optimum design captures stormwater, addressing flooding and water quality issues, in a way that increases water availability to support natural vegetation communities and landscaping in the built environment. A module was developed for the Automated Geospatial Watershed Assessment (AGWA) tool which supports the design and placement of a suite of GI practices, singularly or in combination, in order to simulate urban hydrology with and without GI features at the household and neighborhood scale. The GI tool takes advantage of the advanced, physically-based infiltration algorithms and geometric flexibility of the Kinematic Runoff and Erosion (KINEROS2) watershed model. The resulting software provides an up-to-date GIS-based GI assessment framework that automatically derives model parameters from widely available spatial data. It is also capable of manipulating GI features within a graphical interface to conveniently view and compare simulation results with and without GI features at a lot, neighborhood or small catchment scale. The new tool was used to assess a variety of GI designs across a subdivision in Sierra Vista, Arizona for the design objectives: maximize stormwater capture, maximize water augmentation, and maximize ecosystem services.

Technical Abstract: In arid and semi-arid regions, green infrastructure (GI) designs can address several issues facing urban environments, including augmenting water supply, mitigating flooding, decreasing pollutant loads, and promoting greenness in the built environment. An optimum design captures stormwater, addressing flooding and water quality issues, in a way that increases water availability to support natural vegetation communities and landscaping in the built environment. A module was developed for the Automated Geospatial Watershed Assessment (AGWA) tool which supports the design and placement of a suite of GI practices, singularly or in combination, in order to simulate urban hydrology with and without GI features at the household and neighborhood scale. The GI tool takes advantage of the advanced, physically-based infiltration algorithms and geometric flexibility of the Kinematic Runoff and Erosion (KINEROS2) watershed model. The resulting software provides an up-to-date GIS-based GI assessment framework that automatically derives model parameters from widely available spatial data. It is also capable of manipulating GI features within a graphical interface to conveniently view and compare simulation results with and without GI features at a lot, neighborhood or small catchment scale. The new tool was used to assess a variety of GI designs across a subdivision in Sierra Vista, Arizona for the design objectives: maximize stormwater capture, maximize water augmentation, and maximize ecosystem services.