|SIMS, LES - Consultant|
|WEAVER, JOHN - Consultant|
Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/1/2015
Publication Date: 10/24/2016
Citation: Sims, L., Weaver, J., Swayne, D.E. 2016. Epidemiology of avian influenza in agricultural and other man-made systems. In: Swayne, D.E., editor. Animal Influenza. 2nd edition. Ames, IA: Wiley-Blackwell. p. 302-336.
Technical Abstract: Over thousands of years, mankind has changed the natural ecosystems of birds by domestication and their influenza A viruses (IAVs) have reassorted and adapted to new systems and hosts. At high risk for introduction of IAVs from free-living aquatic birds are outdoor reared domestic poultry, especially domestic waterfowl (ducks and geese). Today, diverse IAVs cause sporadic infections in a variety of wild and domestic mammals and poultry, and a limited number of IAVs cause endemic respiratory disease in horses, pigs, man, and domestic poultry. Highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) have arisen by mutation of H5 and H7 low pathogenic avian influenza viruses (LPAIVs) usually following uncontrolled circulation of the viruses in susceptible gallinaceous poultry.