Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/4/2016
Publication Date: 10/24/2016
Citation: Swayne, D.E. 2016. Trade and food safety aspects for animal influenza viruses. In: Swayne, D.E., editor. Animal Influenza. 2nd edition. Ames, IA: Wiley-Blackwell. p.74-91.
Technical Abstract: The World Organization for Animal Health provides sanitary standards for international trade and emphasizes science-based risk assessment for safe trade of animals and animal products. The goal is to prevent unacceptable risks to animal and human health while avoiding unjustified or politically motivated trade barriers. The spread of animal influenza virus (AIV) is greatest through trade of infected animals and to lesser extent their products. Specifically, risk of importation of swine or low pathogenic avian influenza viruses through meat is negligible as these viruses are not present in meat, but high pathogenicity avian influenza virus can be in poultry meat and eggs making importation of such commodities from affected countries of unacceptable risk, unless the risk is mitigated by vaccination of poultry or by using inactivation processes such as cooking or pasteurization of product. AIV is primarily an animal health issue rather than a human health or food safety issue.