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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Stoneville, Mississippi » Warmwater Aquaculture Research Unit » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #318377

Research Project: Umbrella Project for Food Safety

Location: Warmwater Aquaculture Research Unit

Title: A novel suicide plasmid for efficient gene mutation in Listeria monocytogenes

Author
item Hossam, Abdelhamed - Mississippi State University
item Lawrence, Mark - Mississippi State University
item Karsi, Attila - Mississippi State University

Submitted to: Plasmid Journal
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/23/2015
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary: A novel plasmid (pHoss1) for Listeria monocytogenes was constructed. pHoss1 is very efficient for the generation of in-frame deletion mutants. The L. monocytogenes ispG and ispH genes were in-frame mutated. The L. monocytogenes ispG and ispH genes are not involved in cell adhesion.

Technical Abstract: Although several plasmids have been used in Listeria monocytogenes for generating mutants by allelic exchange, construction of L. monocytogenes mutants has been inefficient due to lack of effective selection markers for first and second recombination events. To address this problem, we have developed a new suicide plasmid, pHoss1, by using the pMAD plasmid backbone and anhydrotetracycline selection marker (secY antisense RNA) driven by an inducible Pxyl/tetO promoter. Expression of the secY antisense RNA eliminates merodiploids and selects for the loss of plasmid via a second allelic exchange, which enriches the number of mutants with deleted genes. To assess the effectiveness of pHoss1 for the generation of stable in-frame deletion mutations, we deleted the ispG and ispH genes of L. monocytogenes serotype 4b strain F2365. Results showed that identification of the second allelic exchange mutants was very efficient with 80-100% of the colonies yielding desired deletion mutants. L. monocytogenes’ intestinal cell attachment was not altered when ispG and ispH genes were deleted. We expect that this new plasmid will be very useful for construction of marker-free deletion mutants in L. monocytogenes and in other Gram-positive bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus.