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Research Project: Genetic Improvement and Virus Management of Small Fruit Crops

Location: Horticultural Crops Research

Title: First report of Pineapple mealybug wilt associated virus-1 in Ecuador

Author
item ALVAREZ, ROBERT - Centro De Investigaciones Biotecnologicas Del Ecuador
item Martin, Robert
item QUITO, DIEGO - Centro De Investigaciones Biotecnologicas Del Ecuador

Submitted to: New Disease Reports
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/27/2015
Publication Date: 4/11/2015
Publication URL: http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=031015
Citation: Alvarez, R.A., Martin, R.R., Quito, D.F. 2015. First report of Pineapple mealybug wilt associated virus-1 in Ecuador. New Disease Reports. 31:15.

Interpretive Summary: Pineapple is one of the most important export commodities for Ecuador. In July 2014, a twenty MD2 hybrid pineapple plants showing virus-like symptoms were collected from a commercial planting located at the border of Santo Domingo and Los Rios provinces, where most of the pineapple in Ecuador is grown. Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) extracted from leaves of symptomatic plants, was heat-denatured and used as template to generate cDNA libraries. Sequencing revealed the presence of Pineapple mealybug wilt associated virus 1 (PMWaV-1). Partial sequences for the helicase (Hel) and the coat protein (CP) genes were re-sequenced using specific primers and deposited in GenBank under Accession Nos. KP728914 and KP728915. Diagnostic primers (PMWaV-1_EcF: 5'-CCAAGCGAGAGGAAGGAATGTAAG-3'; PMWaV-1_EcR: 5'-CTCTGAATAATTGCCGAAACTCGG-3') were designed to amplify a 217 nt fragment of the Hel gene. Upon confirmation of specificity, the primers were used to test 150 plants (75 symptomatic and 75 asymptomatic) collected from Santo Domingo and Los Rios provinces, where the MD2 hybrid is grown, and Guayas province, where the cultivar 'Smooth Cayenne' is grown. Mealybugs (Dysmicoccus spp.) were prevalent in sampled fields. PMWaV-1 was detected in 33% and 77% of asymptomatic and symptomatic MD2 plants, respectively. In the cultivar 'Smooth Cayenne', the virus was detected in 37% and 65% of asymptomatic and symptomatic plants, respectively. These findings suggest the presence of additional virus(es) possibly associated with the observed symptoms, as has been reported elsewhere. Based sequence alignments the PMWaV-1 from Ecuador is most closely related to Hainan isolate from China. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of PMWaV-1 infecting pineapple in Ecuador.

Technical Abstract: In Ecuador, where pineapple represents one of the most important export commodities, virus testing has been neglected. In July 2014, a total of twenty MD2 hybrid pineapple plants showing virus-like symptoms (Fig. 1) were collected from a commercial planting located at the border of Santo Domingo and Los Rios provinces, where most of the pineapple in Ecuador is grown. Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) was extracted from 20 g batches of leaves as described by Morris & Dodds (1979). The dsRNA was heat-denatured and used as template to generate cDNA libraries using anchored-random primers. Sequencing of randomly amplified PCR products revealed the presence of Pineapple mealybug wilt associated virus 1 (PMWaV-1). Partial sequences for the helicase (Hel) and the coat protein (CP) genes were re-sequenced using specific primers and deposited in GenBank under Accession Nos. KP728914 and KP728915, respectively. Diagnostic primers (PMWaV-1_EcF: 5'-CCAAGCGAGAGGAAGGAATGTAAG-3'; PMWaV-1_EcR: 5'-CTCTGAATAATTGCCGAAACTCGG-3') were designed to amplify a 217 nt fragment of the Hel gene. Upon confirmation of specificity, the primers were used to test 150 plants (75 symptomatic and 75 asymptomatic) collected from Santo Domingo and Los Rios provinces, where the MD2 hybrid is grown, and Guayas province, where 'Smooth Cayenne' is the cultivar of choice. Mealybugs (Dysmicoccus spp.) were prevalent in sampled fields. PMWaV-1 was detected in 33% and 77% of asymptomatic and symptomatic MD2 plants, respectively. In the cultivar 'Smooth Cayenne', the virus was detected in 37% and 65% of asymptomatic and symptomatic plants, respectively. These findings suggest the presence of additional virus(es) possibly associated with the observed symptoms, as has been reported elsewhere (Hernandez-Rodriguez et al., 2014). Sequence alignments showed that PMWaV-1 from Ecuador is related most closely to Hainan isolate from China (KJ872494.1) with nucleotide identities of 99% and 98% for the CP and Hel genes, respectively.