|MONTALDO, HUGO - Universidad Nacional Autonoma De Mexico|
|Nonneman, Danny - Dan|
|POLI, MARIO - Instituto Nacional Tecnologia Agropecuaria|
Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/8/2015
Publication Date: 12/16/2015
Citation: Casas, E., Montaldo, H.H., Nonneman, D.J., Poli, M.A. 2015. Potential contribution of genomics and biotechnology in animal production. In: Dominguez, R.N., Valverde, R.R., Rivera, S.F., Febres, O.A., Winder, M.G., Munoz T.E., editors. Livestock in Latin America and the Caribbean: Alternatives for the sustainable, inclusive and competitive production of animal-derived foods. 1st edition. Guadalajara, Mexico: Printing Arts Mexico. p. 761-788.
Technical Abstract: The overall objective of the book chapter is to define the potential contribution of genomics in livestock production in Latin American countries. A brief description on what is genomics, genome-wide association studies (GWAS), and genomic selection (GS) is provided. Genomics has been rapidly adopted by the dairy industry in the United States. GWAS for milk production traits in dairy cattle is reviewed and the potential use of genomics information by the dairy industry for milk production in Latin America is reviewed. In beef cattle, GWAS for beef production, feed intake, carcass and meat quality traits, reproduction, and respiratory disease is discussed to ascertain their contribution in Latin American countries. The pig industry is highly technified in the United States. The review in the present document emphases GWAS for host resistance, reproduction, feed intake, efficiency, behavior, and growth. Discussion of GWAS associated with traits of interest in sheep and goat are genomics of does and ewes, meat and wool in sheep, and goat and sheep breeding. Final remarks encompass opinions on how Latin American countries have the potential to improve productivity by implementing genomics.