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ARS Home » Plains Area » Mandan, North Dakota » Northern Great Plains Research Laboratory » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #317734

Title: Crop diversity effects on productivity and economic returns under dryland agriculture

item Archer, David
item Liebig, Mark
item TANAKA, DON - Retired ARS Employee

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/28/2015
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Increasing crop diversity has been identified as a method to improve agronomic performance of cropping systems and increase provision of ecosystem services. However, there is a need to understand the economic performance of more diverse cropping systems. Crop productivity and economic net returns were evaluated for different levels of crop diversity in a long-term, field-scale, no-till cropping system study conducted at the Area IV Soil Conservation Districts Research Farm in south-central North Dakota. Cropping system treatments included small grain-fallow (SG-F), a three year fixed rotation (3yr), a five-year fixed rotation (5yr), and a dynamic rotation (Dynamic). Spring wheat yields increased with increasing crop diversity, and spring wheat produced higher average net returns when grown in more diverse rotations. Rotation average net returns were also higher in more diverse crop rotations. Variation of net returns, a measure of economic risk, also tended to increase with increasing crop diversity. However, the dynamic system had higher returns and lower risk than the 3yr and 5yr systems.