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ARS Home » Plains Area » Bushland, Texas » Conservation and Production Research Laboratory » Livestock Nutrient Management Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #315283

Research Project: DEVELOP TECHNOLOGIES TO PROTECT AIR QUALITY, MAINTAIN PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY & ENHANCE USE OF MANURE FROM SOUTHN GREAT PLAINS BEEF & DAIRY AG

Location: Livestock Nutrient Management Research

Title: Biochar effects on phosphorus pools in three soils from Minnesota

Author
item Pagliari, Paulo - University Of Minnesota
item Waldrip, Heidi
item Strock, Jeff - University Of Minnesota
item Roiger, Ashley - University Of Minnesota

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/27/2014
Publication Date: 11/3/2014
Citation: Pagliari, P., Waldrip, H., Strock, J., Roiger, A. 2014. Biochar effects on phosphorus pools in three soils from Minnesota. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Proceedings. 99-12.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: This greenhouse study was set up to assess the changes in the soil phosphorus (P) pools of three soils used for agricultural production in Minnesota as a result of biochar application and crop nutrient uptake. The soils included: excessively well-drained Hubbard loamy sand; poorly drained, calcareous Canisteo clay loam; and a well drained, Barnes loam. The amendments used included commercial fertilizer (triple superphosphate), gasification biochar (corn cob and stover), pyrolysis biochar (switchgrass), and combustion ash (turkey litter) and each amendment was tested at four rates based on the total P content of each material. The target P rates were 0, 56, 112, and 168 kg P ha-1, which were applied to pot containing 1.5 kg of soil. The selected crops were wheat (Triticum aestivum) and corn (Zea mays) grown in a greenhouse for 8 weeks. Containers with soil and plants were kept between 60% to 80% of field capacity by weighing the pots on a regular basis and adding water as needed. At the beginning and at the end of the study, soil samples were collected and a modified Hedley fractionation procedure coupled with phosphatase hydrolysis was used to identify the P pools in the soils before and after the 8 weeks of incubation. Samples are currently being analyzed and results will be ready by the time the poster will be presented.