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Research Project: Plant Genetic Resource Acquisition and Conservation Strategies, International Germplasm ... for the U.S. National Plant Germplasm System

Location: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory

Title: International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi, and Plants (Melbourne Code): Appendices II-VIII

Author
item Wiersema, John
item Mcneill, John - Royal Botanical Gardens
item Turland, Nicholas - Botanischer Garten Und Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem
item Barrie, Fred - Missouri Botanical Garden
item Buck, William - New York Botanical Garden
item Demoulin, Vincent - University Of Liege
item Greuter, Werner - Botanischer Garten Und Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem
item Hawksworth, David - Natural History Museum - London
item Herendeen, Patrick - Chicago Botanical Garden
item Knapp, Sandra - Natural History Museum - London
item Marhold, Karol - Slovak Academy Of Sciences
item Prado, Jefferson - Instituto De Botânica
item Prud’homme Van Reine, Willem - Naturalis Biodiversity Center
item Smith, Gideon - South African National Biodiversity Institute

Submitted to: Regnum Vegetabile
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/17/2014
Publication Date: 3/10/2015
Citation: Wiersema, J.H., McNeill, J., Turland, N.J., Barrie, F.R., Buck, W.R., Demoulin, V., Greuter, W., Hawksworth, D.L., Herendeen, P.S., Knapp, S., Marhold, K., Prado, J., Prud’Homme Van Reine, W.F., Smith, G.F. 2015. International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi, and Plants (Melbourne Code): Appendices II-VIII. Regnum Vegetabile 157:1-492.

Interpretive Summary: Accurate scientific names of algae, fungi, and plants are essential for communication about them, especially in the international exchange of agricultural, horticultural, and forest products or information about them. In order to ensure that the scientific names of these organisms remain stable, an international set of rules have been developed about how the names should be applied. Sometimes the strict application of these rules can cause unwanted changes in certain scientific names, leading to confusing communications about the organisms involved. Therefore, special provisions in the rules exist that outline procedures for obtaining formal nomenclature decisions that avoid these unwanted changes or otherwise resolve conflicts. The results of these decisions are published as appendices to the international rules. The international rules were most recently published in 2012, and the volume reported here comprises the appendices. Access to the information in these appendices is critical to stabilizing the names of numerous algae, fungi, and plants, thereby assuring effective and accurate global communications about these organisms and their agricultural products. This information will be used by a wide range of stakeholders, including research and service scientists, regulatory officials, and those concerned with trade and commerce.

Technical Abstract: Science requires a precise, stable, and simple system of nomenclature used by scientists in all countries of the world, dealing on the one hand with the terms that denote the ranks of taxonomic groups, and on the other with the scientific names that are applied to the individual taxonomic units of algae, fungi, and plants. The International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi, and Plants incorporates the changes and additions approved at the Nomenclature Sessions of the International Botanical Congress in Melbourne, Australia in July of 2011. The main text of the Melbourne Code, published in 2012 for the first time without the accompanying Appendices as decided in Melbourne, provides a stable method of naming taxonomic groups of algae, fungi, and plants. It replaced the 2006 Vienna Code, which included the Appendices. This volume represents the later publication of these Appendices, whose 3248 entries provide a complete listing of the 3127 names that have been conserved or rejected, 31 works that have been suppressed, and 84 binding nomenclatural decisions resulting from the formal actions of international nomenclature committees authorized by provisions of the Code. These include 361 new entries that are the result of decisions made after 2006. Access to the information in these Appendices is critical to stabilization of the names involved in these decisions.