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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Wapato, Washington » Temperate Tree Fruit and Vegetable Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #314655

Title: Assessing reproduction of potato psyllid haplotypes

item MUSTAFA, T - Washington State University
item Munyaneza, Joseph - Joe
item Horton, David
item Cooper, William - Rodney
item Swisher Grimm, Kylie
item ZACK, R - Washington State University

Submitted to: Meeting Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/24/2015
Publication Date: 7/7/2015
Citation: Mustafa, T., Munyaneza, J.E., Horton, D.R., Cooper, W.R., Swisher, K.D., Zack, R.S. 2015. Assessing reproduction of potato psyllid haplotypes. Meeting Proceedings. pp. 72-76.

Interpretive Summary: Potato psyllid is the insect vector of zebra chip, a new and economically important disease of potato in the United States. Researchers at USDA-ARS Wapato in Washington, in collaboration with scientists at Washington State University, assessed how rapidly this insect pest reproduces when reared on potato or bittersweet nightshade, an important perennial weed commonly found near potato crops in the Pacific Northwest, where over 50% of U.S. potatoes are grown. It was determined that the potato psyllid reproduces better on bittersweet nightshade than potato. This may lead to production of large populations of this insect pest on the nightshade and then moving to potato crops and increasing the risk of zebra chip damage in this major potato growing region. This information will help potato producers minimize damage caused by zebra chip by focusing on the management of bittersweet nightshade to reduce potato psyllid populations.

Technical Abstract: Potato psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli (Šulc) (Hemiptera: Triozidae), is a serious pest of solanaceous crops in North and Central America and New Zealand. This insect vectors the bacterium “Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum” that causes zebra chip disease of potato. So far, four distinct genetic populations, or haplotypes, of potato psyllid have been identified. Three of the haplotypes may co-occur in potato fields in the Pacific Northwest of U.S. Solanaceous weeds, including the perennial Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade), may provide refuge for psyllid populations which then migrate to potato crops. This study tested whether fecundity and fertility (% egg hatch) of potato psyllid were affected by host plant (S. dulcamara or potato) and whether these reproductive traits were similar among the three most common psyllid haplotypes in the Pacific Northwest: Northwestern, Central, and Western. The total female fecundity differed significantly among haplotypes, with an average lifetime fecundity of 1050, 877, and 629 eggs for Northwestern, Western, and Central females, respectively. Egg hatch was significantly reduced in psyllids reared on bittersweet nightshade (61.9%) versus potato (81.3%). Adult psyllids lived longer on nightshade than on potato, averaging 113.9 and 108.4 d on nightshade and 79.0 and 85.5 d on potato for males and females, respectively. Information from these studies will help growers develop more effective management strategies for zebra chip and its insect vector.