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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Poplarville, Mississippi » Southern Horticultural Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #314408

Research Project: Small Fruit and Ornamental Genetic Research for the Mid-South

Location: Southern Horticultural Research

Title: Phytophthora species recovered from irrigation reservoirs in Mississippi and Alabama nurseries and pathogenicity of three new species

Author
item Copes, Warren
item YANG, XIAO - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item HONG, CHUANXUE - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University

Submitted to: APS Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/9/2015
Publication Date: 6/1/2015
Publication URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/6471012
Citation: Copes, W.E., Yang, X., Hong, C. 2015. Phytophthora species recovered from irrigation reservoirs in Mississippi and Alabama nurseries and pathogenicity of three new species. APS Annual Meeting. 104.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: From a survey of containment ponds for Phytophthora spp. at one nursery each in Alabama and Mississippi, eight species and one taxon were recovered with P. gonapodyides dominant in cooler months and P. hydropathica in warmer months, accounting for 39.6% and 46.6% overall recovery, respectively. Among the recoveries were P. macilentosa, P. mississippiae and P. stricta, three new species recently described from a small lake (labeled as M4) that serves as a primary water source to feed the irrigation pond (M5) at the Mississippian nursery. Neither of ponds M4 and M5 directly receive runoff from any production area. These three species were tested for pathogenicity with Catharanthus roseus, Gardenia jasminoides ‘August Beauty’, Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Semmes Beauty’, Ilex magland ‘Oakland’, Pieris japonica 'Mountain Snow', and Rhododendron × 'Brandi Michele Raley'. None of the three species infected any of the test plants or became established in the peat or pine bark growing media. Based on the result of pathogenicity trials as well as the observation that none of the Phytophthora species recovered from irrigation reservoirs have caused disease in the nurseries, the eight Phytophthora spp. and one taxon appear to present a low risk to the ornamental plants at those nurseries.