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Research Project: Management of Temperate-Adapted Fruit, Nut, and Specialty Crop Genetic Resources and Associated Information

Location: National Clonal Germplasm Repository

Title: The Discovery and Naming of the Cascade strawberry (Fragaria cascadensis)

Author
item Hummer, Kim

Submitted to: Kalmiopsis
Publication Type: Popular Publication
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/16/2015
Publication Date: 6/11/2015
Publication URL: http://www.npsoregon.org/kalmiopsis/kalmiopsis05.html#2015
Citation: Hummer, K.E. 2015. The Discovery and Naming of the Cascade strawberry (Fragaria cascadensis). Kalmiopsis. 21:26-31.

Interpretive Summary: The U.S. Department of Agriculture ex situ genebank and research laboratory called the National Clonal Germplasm Repository is located in Corvallis, Oregon. This genebank preserves about12,000 living plants of collections of important specialty crops including berries, pears, hazelnuts, mint, hops, and their wild relatives. The facility maintains plants in orchards in the field, plants in containers in greenhouses and screenhouses, as tissue cultured plantets, and as seed. The genebank preserves heritage cultivars and species representatives of crop wild relatives. The unit has open houses annually where the public can visit during mid-July to sample fruit of the 350 blueberry genotypes in our field, or in late August, when pear fruit diversity from our orchard is featured. At other times, the public can visit our laboratory by arrangement during business hours. The strawberry collection includes 42 species and subspecies, and 1842 accessions from 42 countries. One of the strawberry samples was collected the Pacific Crest Trail near Big Lake, Oregon, in 1982. This species is unusual it has 10 sets of chromosomes. This article tells the story of how the finding of this unusual strawberry specimen lead to the naming of a new species: the Cascade strawberry.

Technical Abstract: The U.S. Department of Agriculture ex situ genebank and research laboratory called the National Clonal Germplasm Repository is located in Corvallis, Oregon. This genebank preserves about12,000 living plants of collections of important specialty crops including berries, pears, hazelnuts, mint, hops, and their wild relatives. The facility maintains plants in orchards in the field, plants in containers in greenhouses and screenhouses, as tissue cultured plantets, and as seed. The genebank preserves heritage cultivars and species representatives of crop wild relatives. The unit has open houses annually where the public can visit during mid-July to sample fruit of the 350 blueberry genotypes in our field, or in late August, when pear fruit diversity from our orchard is featured. At other times, the public can visit our laboratory by arrangement during business hours. The strawberry collection includes 42 taxa including species and subspecies, and 1842 accessions from 42 countries. One of the strawberry samples was collected the Pacific Crest Trail near Big Lake, Oregon, in 1982. This species is unusual it is decaploid. This article tells the story of how the finding of this unusual strawberry specimen lead to the naming of a new species: Fragaria cascadensis Hummer, the Cascade strawberry.