Location: Corn Insects and Crop Genetics ResearchTitle: PeanutBase and other bioinformatic resources for peanut Author
|Dash, Sudhansu - Iowa State University|
|Cannon, Ethalinda - Iowa State University|
|Farmer, Andrew - National Center For Genome Resources|
Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/8/2015
Publication Date: 1/4/2016
Citation: Dash, S., Cannon, E., Kalberer, S.R., Farmer, A.D., Cannon, S.B. 2016. PeanutBase and other bioinformatic resources for peanut. In: Stalker, T.H., Wilson, R.F., editors. Peanuts: Genetidcs, Processing, and Utilization (AOCS Monograph Series on Oilseeds). Waltham, MA: Academic Press and AOCS Press. p. 241-252.
Interpretive Summary: Peanuts are an important crop in many countries, and are a major source of nutrition throughout the world. Breeding improvements in peanut have been hampered, however, by the fact that cultivated peanut varieties are all genetically very similar because they all derive from a single common ancestor during peanut's domestication a few thousand years ago. To help overcome this challenge, peanut growers and processors have teamed up to fund the International Peanut Genomics Consortium (IPGC), which supports research to determine the genome sequences (the full genetic code) of both a cultivated peanut variety and the two closest wild relatives of cultivated peanut. The IPGC has also funded the development of a website and database, PeanutBase.org, with tools to enable researchers to efficiently access and study the genetic data. This review describes PeanutBase and other on-line tools for exploring genetic data in peanut and its relatives. Such online tools are being used by breeders and other researchers to make progress in improving peanut varieties, with the goal of giving farmers and consumers access to varieties with improved yield, nutritional characteristics, and better resistance to diseases environmental stresses.
Technical Abstract: Large-scale genomic data for peanut have only become available in the last few years, with the advent of low-cost sequencing technologies. To make the data accessible to researchers and to integrate across diverse types of data, the International Peanut Genomics Consortium funded the development of PeanutBase, at http://peanutbase.org. This website provides access to genetic maps and markers, locations of quantitative trait loci (QTL), genome sequences, gene locations and sequences, gene families and correspondences with genes in other species, and descriptions of traits and growth characteristics. The website also provides tools for exploration and analysis, including sequence of genomic and genic sequences, and keyword searches of genes, gene families, and QTL studies. These resources should facilitate breeding advancements in peanut, helping improve crop productivity and quality.