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ARS Home » Plains Area » Houston, Texas » Children's Nutrition Research Center » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #312524

Title: PedsQL gastrointestinal symptoms module feasibility reliability and validity

item VARNI, JAMES - Texas A&M University
item DENHAM, JOLANDA - The Ohio State University
item SHULMAN, ROBERT - Children'S Nutrition Research Center (CNRC)
item SELF, MARIELLA - Baylor College Of Medicine
item NEIGUT, DEBORAH - Children'S Hospital - Denver, Colorado
item NURKO, SAMUEL - Boston Children'S Hospital
item PATEL, ASHISH - University Of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
item FRANCIOSI, JAMES - Cincinnati Children'S Research Hospital
item SAPS, MIGUEL - Northwestern University
item SMITH, ALICIA - Children'S Hospital - Denver, Colorado
item YECKES, ALYSON - Children'S Hospital - Denver, Colorado
item HEINZ, NICOLE - Boston Children'S Hospital
item SAEED, SHEHZAD - Cincinnati Children'S Research Hospital
item ZACUR, GEORGE - Cincinnati Children'S Research Hospital
item POHL, JOHN - University Of Utah

Submitted to: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/25/2014
Publication Date: 9/1/2014
Citation: Varni, J.W., Denham, J., Shulman, R.J., Self, M.M., Neigut, D.A., Nurko, S., Patel, A.S., Franciosi, J.P., Saps, M., Smith, A., Yeckes, A., Heinz, N., Saeed, S., Zacur, G.M., Pohl, J.F. 2014. PedsQL gastrointestinal symptoms module feasibility reliability and validity. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. 59:347-355.

Interpretive Summary: More and more emphasis is being put on understanding how people feel about the medical conditions that may affect them. When treatments such as changes in diet are used, these patients reported outcomes about the quality of their lives are being used to determine whether such treatments are effective. We are involved in the development of questionnaires that can be used reliably to report people's responses. Because of this work, studies can also evaluate the effect changes in diet on the quality of people's lives.

Technical Abstract: The objective of this study was to report on the measurement properties of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) Gastrointestinal Symptoms Module for patients with functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders (FGIDs) and organic GI diseases, hereafter referred to as "GI disorders," for patient self-report ages between 5 and 18 and parent proxy-report for ages between 2 and 18 years. The 74-item PedsQL GI Module and 23-item PedsQL Generic Core Scales were completed in a 9-site study by 584 patients and 682 parents. Patients had physician-diagnosed GI disorders (such as chronic constipation, functional abdominal pain, irritable bowel syndrome, functional dyspepsia, Crohn disease, ulcerative colitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease). Fourteen unidimensional scales were derived measuring stomach pain, stomach discomfort when eating, food and drink limits, trouble swallowing, heartburn and reflux, nausea and vomiting, gas and bloating, constipation, blood, diarrhea, worry, medicines, and communication. The PedsQL GI Module Scales evidenced excellent feasibility, excellent reliability for the Total Scale Scores (patient self-report a'='0.97, parent proxy-report a'='0.97), and good-to-excellent reliability for the 14 individual scales (patient self-report a'='0.67-0.94, parent proxy-report a'='0.77-0.95). Intercorrelations with the Generic Core Scales supported construct validity. Individual Symptoms Scales known-groups validity across 7 GI disorders was generally supported. Factor analysis supported the unidimensionality of the individual scales. The PedsQL GI Module Scales demonstrated acceptable-to-excellent measurement properties and may be used as common metrics to compare GI-specific symptoms in clinical research and practice both within and across patient groups for FGIDs and organic GI diseases.