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ARS Home » Plains Area » Lubbock, Texas » Cropping Systems Research Laboratory » Plant Stress and Germplasm Development Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #312381

Research Project: Enhancing Plant Resistance to Water-Deficit and Thermal Stresses in Economically Important Crops

Location: Plant Stress and Germplasm Development Research

Title: Impact of experimental gins on fiber quality parameters

item MISHRA, DEEPIKA - Texas Tech University
item HENDON, BRALIE - Texas Tech University
item WITT, TRAVIS - Texas Tech University
item IMEL, ROBERT - Texas Tech University
item Ulloa, Mauricio
item Burke, John
item AULD, DICK - Texas Tech University

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/5/2015
Publication Date: 5/1/2015
Citation: Mishra, D., Hendon, B., Witt, T.W., Imel, R.K., Ulloa, M., Burke, J.J., Auld, D.L. 2015. Impact of experimental gins on fiber quality parameters [abstract]. National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference, January 5-7, 2016, Memphis, TN. Paper No. 16191.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Stripper harvested cotton usually contains approximately 6 to 8 times higher levels of trash than machine picked cotton. Ginning in stripper areas should be made more efficient at removing the trash particles while preserving fiber quality. Fiber breakage is a concern at two junctures: the saw gins and the lint cleaners, especially when fibers are immature. This may result in excess fiber breakage and modifying fiber length distributions. In this experiment, 6 lines from the Regional Breeders Testing Network and 3 commercial cultivars were planted with three replications (25 feet single row per entry) in a RCBD. The plots were subjected to 4 different water rates on subsurface drip irrigation from low, low-medium, medium and high in order to obtain a range of fiber maturity. The lint obtained was ginned on laboratory gins and the fiber quality was evaluated. For each plot, 250 grams of seed cotton was sampled to be ginned on two new 20 saw gin, an older 20 saw gin and a roller gin. Fiber breakage was evaluated from the AFIS fiber length distributions.