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Title: Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance in Escherichia coli from food and animals in Lagos, Nigeria

item ADENIPEKUM, EYITAYO - Ogun State University
item Jackson, Charlene
item OLUWADUN, AFOLABI - Ogun State University
item IWALOKUN, BAMIDELE - Ogun State University
item Frye, Jonathan
item Barrett, John
item Hiott, Lari
item Woodley, Tiffanie

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/11/2014
Publication Date: 11/11/2014
Citation: Adenipekum, E., Jackson, C.R., Oluwadun, A., Iwalokun, B.A., Frye, J.G., Barrett, J.B., Hiott, L.M., Woodley, T.A. 2014. Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance in Escherichia coli from food and animals in Lagos, Nigeria. Nigerian Institute of Medical Research Second International Scientific Conference. November 11-13, 2014. Abuja, Nigeria.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Background Foodborne bacteria are often associated with human infections; these infections can become more complicated to treat if the bacteria are also resistant to antimicrobials. In this study, prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, and genetic relatedness of Escherichia coli among food producing animals from Lagos, Nigeria was investigated. Methods From December 2012 to June 2013, E. coli were isolated from fecal samples of healthy cattle, chicken, and swine. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing against 22 antimicrobials was performed using broth microdilution with the SensititreTM system. Results were interpreted according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines when defined. Clonal types were determined by Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE). Results From the analysis, 211/238 (88.7%), 170/210 (81%), and 136/152 (89.5%), samples from cattle, chicken, and swine, respectively, were positive for E. coli. A subset of those isolates (n=211) based on '-lactamase production, were chosen for further study. Overall, E. coli exhibited the highest resistance to tetracycline (124/211; 58.8%), trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (84/211; 39.8%), and ampicillin (72/211; 34.1%). Approximately 40% of the isolates were pan susceptible and none of the isolates were resistant to amikacin, cefepime, ceftazidime, ertapenem, meropenem, or tigecycline. Among the resistant isolates, 28 different resistance patterns were observed; 26 of those were characterized as multi-drug resistant (MDR; resistance to >2 antimicrobials). One isolate was resistant to 13 different antimicrobials representing five different antimicrobial classes. Using PFGE, MDR E. coli were genetically diverse and overall did not group based upon source; identical PFGE patterns were detected among isolates from different sources. These results suggest that isolates cannot be attributed to specific sources and some may be present across all of the sources. Conclusion Results from this study indicate that food producing animals in Nigeria are a reservoir of MDR E. coli that 66 may be transferred to humans via the food chain.