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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Canal Point, Florida » Sugarcane Field Station » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #311865

Research Project: Enhancement of Sugarcane Germplasm for Development of Stress Tolerant, High Yielding Cultivars

Location: Sugarcane Field Station

Title: Field Evaluation of Sugarcane Orange Rust for First Clonal Stage of the CP Sugarcane Cultivar Development Program

Author
item Zhao, Duli
item DAVIDSON, WAYNE - FLORIDA SUGAR CANE LEAGUE
item BALTAZAR, MIGUEL - FLORIDA SUGARCANE LEAGUE
item COMSTOCK, JACK

Submitted to: American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/27/2015
Publication Date: 4/28/2015
Citation: Zhao, D., Davidson, W., Baltazar, M., Comstock, J.C. 2015. Field Evaluation of Sugarcane Orange Rust for First Clonal Stage of the CP Sugarcane Cultivar Development Program. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science. 10(1):1-11.

Interpretive Summary: Sugarcane is an important crop in south Florida. Consistent development of high-yielding sugarcane cultivars with resistance or tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses is critical to commercial sugarcane production. Currently, orange rust disease is a challenge for the sugarcane production in Florida. A better understanding of sugarcane genotypic variability in response to orange rust will help optimize breeding and selection strategies for disease resistance. We conducted this to determine sugarcane orange rust rate, percentage of infection, and severity among genotypes in early stage of the Canal Point sugarcane breeding and cultivar development program in 2012 and 2013. Orange rust ratings, scaled from non-infection (0) to severe infection (4), were recorded from the 2012 and 2013 genotypes in the first clonal selection stage (Stage I). Data were collected from all 14,272 and 12,661 genotypes and four replicated check cultivars (CP 78-1628, CP 80-1743, CP 88-1762, and CP 89-2143) in July-August 2012 and 2013, respectively. Mean rust rating, % of infection, and rust severity on the base of each and female parent and their coefficients of variation within and among families (females) were estimated. Results indicated that considerable variation exists in rust tolerance among families or females. The families or females for their progenies with the high susceptibility or resistance to orange rust were identified and ranked. The findings of this study are useful for evaluating sugarcane crosses and parents for rust disease and can help breeders use desirable parents for crossing and improve genotypic resistance to orange rust.

Technical Abstract: Consistent development of high-yielding sugarcane (a complex hybrid of Saccharum spp.) cultivars with resistance or tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses is critical to commercial sugarcane production. Currently, orange rust (caused by Puccinia kuehnii E.J. Butler) is a big challenge for the sugarcane production in Florida, USA. A better understanding of sugarcane genotypic variability in response to orange rust disease will help optimize breeding and selection strategies for disease resistance. Orange rust ratings, scaled from non-infection (0) to severe infection (4) with intervals of 0.5, were recorded from genotypes at the first clonal selection stage (Stage I) of the Canal Point sugarcane breeding and cultivar development program in Florida. Data were collected from all 14,272 and 12,661 genotypes and four replicated reference cultivars, CP 78-1628, CP 80-1743, CP 88-1762 and CP 89-2143, in July-August 2012 and 2013, respectively. Mean rust rating, % of rust infection and rust severity in each family (i.e., progeny of the cross from a female and male) and female parent and their Coefficients of Variation (CV) within and among families (females) were estimated. Results indicated that considerable variation exists in rust tolerance among families or females. The families or females for their progenies with the high susceptibility or resistance to orange rust were identified and ranked. The findings of this study are useful for evaluating sugarcane crosses and parents for the rust disease and can help breeders use desirable parents for crossing and improve genotypic resistance to orange rust in the sugarcane breeding programs.