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ARS Home » Plains Area » Clay Center, Nebraska » U.S. Meat Animal Research Center » Nutrition and Environmental Management Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #311815

Research Project: Improved Nutrient Efficiency of Beef Cattle and Swine

Location: Nutrition and Environmental Management Research

Title: Changes in leptin and metabolite concentrations over time in finishing beef steers and heifers

Author
item Foote, Andrew
item KEISLER, DUANE - University Of Missouri
item Hales, Kristin
item Tait Jr, Richard
item Freetly, Harvey

Submitted to: Journal of Animal Science Supplement
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/16/2014
Publication Date: 3/1/2015
Citation: Foote, A.P., Keisler, D.H., Hales, K.E., Tait Jr, R.G., Freetly, H.C. 2015. Changes in leptin and metabolite concentrations over time in finishing beef steers and heifers [abstract]. Journal of Animal Science. 93(Supplement 2):91.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Leptin is a hormone produced in adipocytes that is involved in the control of feed intake, growth, and carcass composition. Composite breed cows were bred to working ranch bulls representing Angus, Charolais, Gelbvieh, Limousin, Red Angus, and Simmental breeds to produce calves with a wide range in DMI and growth. Steer (n = 127) and heifer (n = 109) progeny were fed a finishing ration individually for 84 d with BW recorded every 21 d. Blood samples were collected on d 1, 42, and 83 via jugular venipuncture and plasma was analyzed for leptin, glucose, and lactate. Body composition was evaluated by ultrasound between d 93 and 97. Data were analyzed using the mixed procedure of SAS. Fixed effects included breed, sex, and time, and sire was included as a random effect. All 2-way interactions were tested and removed if not significant. Time was treated as a repeated measure with animal as the subject. There was a time × sex interaction (P < 0.001) for leptin concentration, indicating that heifers had greater leptin concentrations than steers on d 1 and 42, but concentrations were not different on d 84. Heifers had greater plasma glucose concentrations than steers (P < 0.001), but both sexes decreased from d 1 to 42 (P = 0.013) and reached a nadir, not changing on d 83. Heifers also had greater lactate concentrations (P < 0.001), and both sexes tended to have greater lactate concentrations on d 42 than d 1 (P = 0.059), and d 83 was intermediate. A mixed model was also used to determine the effect of sex on body composition and carcass characteristics. Breed and sex were included as fixed effects and sire was a random effect. Heifers had slightly more back fat than steers (P = 0.017), but had larger LM area as measured by ultrasound (P < 0.001) and at slaughter (P = 0.014). Leptin concentrations increase over the finishing period in both steers and heifers but at a greater rate in steers, which could be due to heifers reaching a fatness endpoint earlier than steers.