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Research Project: Management of Temperate-Adapted Fruit, Nut, and Specialty Crop Genetic Resources and Associated Information

Location: National Clonal Germplasm Repository

Title: Status of global strategies for horticultural fruit crops

Author
item Hummer, Kim
item DEMPEWOLF, HANNES - Global Crop Diversity Trust
item BRAMEL, PAULA - Global Crop Diversity Trust
item MARKHAM, RICHARD - Australian Centre For International Agricultural Research
item Stover, Ed

Submitted to: Acta Horticulturae
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/15/2014
Publication Date: 11/1/2015
Publication URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1101.6
Citation: Hummer, K.E., Dempewolf, H., Bramel, P., Markham, R., Stover, E.W. 2015. Status of global strategies for horticultural fruit crops. Acta Horticulturae. 1101:147-152. doi: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1101.22.

Interpretive Summary: During the International Horticultural Congress of 2014, a workshop discussed the advances of the development of global conservation strategies for some of the horticultural crops mentioned in International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) Annex 1. While global conservation strategies were developed for banana and plantain, strawberry, breadfruit, and coconut, those for citrus, apple, and grape are under development or just beginning to be considered. The procedure for the development of these strategies was described at the workshop. Global conservation strategies must be implemented soon to safeguard invaluable resources before they are lost. The horticultural crop in the most immediate need is citrus, where growing regions are plagued with serious pests and diseases. Through a combined effort of the Global Crop Diversity Trust, the International Society for Horticultural Science, and scientific expert committees, the state of conservation of these horticultural crops, and gaps in the collections are being assessed. Funding is being sought in support of strategy implementation. These strategies, once implemented, will improve international plant exchange and help conserve genetic resources of horticultural crops in perpetuity.

Technical Abstract: During the International Horticultural Congress of 2014, a workshop discussed the advances of the development of global conservation strategies for some of the horticultural crops mentioned in International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) Annex 1. While global conservation strategies were developed for banana and plantain (Musa L.), strawberry (Fragaria L.), breadfruit (Arctocarpus), and coconut (Cocos L.), those for citrus (Citrus L.), apple (Malus L.) and grape (Vitis L.) are under development or just beginning to be considered. The procedure for the development of these strategies was described at the workshop. Global conservation strategies must be implemented soon to safeguard invaluable resources before they are lost. The horticultural crop in the most immediate need is Citrus, where growing regions are plagued with serious pests and diseases. Through a combined effort of the Global Crop Diversity Trust, the International Society for Horticultural Science, and scientific expert committees, the state of conservation of these horticultural crops, and gaps in the collections are being assessed. Funding is being sought in support of strategy implementation. These strategies, once implemented, will improve international plant exchange and help conserve genetic resources of horticultural crops in perpetuity.