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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Logan, Utah » Poisonous Plant Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #309634

Research Project: Understanding and Mitigating the Adverse Effects of Poisonous Plants on Livestock Production Systems

Location: Poisonous Plant Research

Title: Global perspectives on poisonous plants: The 9th International Symposium on Poisonous Plants

Author
item Molyneux, Russell - University Of Hawaii
item Panter, Kip
item Zhao, Mengli - Inner Mongolian Agriculture University

Submitted to: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/1/2014
Publication Date: 3/25/2014
Publication URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/4791514
Citation: Molyneux, R.J., Panter, K.E., Zhao, M. 2014. Global perspectives on poisonous plants: The 9th International Symposium on Poisonous Plants. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 62:7323-7325.

Interpretive Summary: Poisonous plants are a major cause of economic loss to livestock producers in many parts of the world. Losses include deaths, abortions, birth defects, reduced production and lost forage value. The USDA-ARS-Poisonous Plant Research Lab in collaboration with the Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, in Hohhot Inner Mongolia, People’s Republic of China co-sponsored a 3 day symposium titled “The 9th International Symposium on Poisonous Plants (ISOPP9)”. Presentations focused on botany, veterinary medicine, chemistry of poisonous plants, toxicology and range management. This international symposium, followed by a 2 day range tour of the vast grasslands of the Xilinhot Region of the Mongolian Grasslands, and provided opportunities for scientists and students to discuss common issues about poisonous plants that impact livestock producers and researchers in many countries across the globe.

Technical Abstract: The 9th International Symposium on Poisonous Plants (ISOPP9) was held from 15th-21st July, 2013, at the Inner Mongolia Agricultural University in Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China. The Symposium consisted of three days of oral and poster presentations, followed by a tour of the Xilinhot Region of the Mongolian Grasslands, encompassing grazing conditions consisting of desert, grassland and steppes. This was the first time that an ISOPP meeting has been held in Asia and provided an opportunity for visitors from outside China to become aware of livestock poisonings by plant species with which they were previously not familiar, while at the same time demonstrating that many of the problems experienced around the world have a common etiology. Presentations focused on botany, veterinary science, toxicology, mechanism of action, and chemistry. As is appropriate for the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, this cluster of papers consists of selected oral and poster presentations in which the chemistry of the toxins played a significant role. The Symposium revealed that there is considerable scope for isolation, structural elucidation, and analysis of the toxins from the numerous poisonous plant species that have been identified in China. It became apparent that there are abundant opportunities for chemists both within China and abroad to collaborate with Chinese scientists working on biological aspects of livestock poisonings.