|MACLACHLAN, N - University Of California|
|CROSSLEY, B - University Of California|
|MAYO, C - University Of California|
|BREITMEYER, R - University Of California|
|WHITEFORD, A - University Of California|
Submitted to: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/1/2013
Publication Date: 4/1/2013
Citation: Maclachlan, N.J., Wilson, W.C., Crossley, B.M., Mayo, C.E., Jasperson, D.C., Breitmeyer, R.E., Whiteford, A.M. 2013. Novel serotype of bluetongue virus, western North America. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 19:665-666. DOI: 10.3201/eid1904.120347
Interpretive Summary: Bluetongue is a disease of domestic and wild ruminants that can be fatal and is caused by an insect-transmitted virus. There are four types of the virus throughout the United States (US), while one type was previously only detected in the southeastern US. This is the first report of a western isolate of the type of virus previously only found in South Eastern US. This study further supports the need for an ongoing entomologic and livestock surveillance program for this economically important livestock disease.
Technical Abstract: Bluetongue virus serotypes 10, 11, 13, and 17 are typically found throughout the United States (US), while serotype 2 was previously only detected in the southeastern US. In 2010, serotype 2 was identified in California for the first time and preliminary sequences analysis indicated that the virus isolate was closely related to strains circulating in the southeastern US. This study further supports the need for an ongoing entomologic and livestock surveillance program for this economically important livestock disease.