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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Albany, California » Plant Gene Expression Center » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #307818

Research Project: Molecular Biology of Pollen and Pollen-Pistil Interactions in Crop Plants

Location: Plant Gene Expression Center

Title: The Juxtamembrane and carboxy-terminal domains of Arabidopsis PRK2 are critical for ROP-induced growth in pollen tubes

Author
item ZHAO, XIN-YING - Shandong Agricultural University
item WANG, QUN - Shandong Agricultural University
item LI, SHA - Shandong Agricultural University
item GE, FU-RONG - Shandong Agricultural University
item ZHOU, LIANG-ZI - Shandong Agricultural University
item McCormick, Sheila
item ZHANG, YAN - Shandong Agricultural University

Submitted to: Journal of Experimental Botany
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/30/2013
Publication Date: 10/17/2013
Citation: Zhao, X., Wang, Q., Li, S., Ge, F., Zhou, L., McCormick, S.M., Zhang, Y. 2013. The Juxtamembrane and carboxy-terminal domains of Arabidopsis PRK2 are critical for ROP-induced growth in pollen tubes. Journal of Experimental Botany. 64:5599-5610.

Interpretive Summary: A protein in the membrane of a pollen tube, called pollen receptor kinase 2 (PRK2), interacts with a protein called rho of plants-guanine exchange factor 12(ROP-GEF12) and thereby affects pollen tube growth.

Technical Abstract: Polarized growth of pollen tubes is a critical step for successful reproduction in angiosperms and is controlled by ROP GTPases. Spatiotemporal activation of ROP (Rho GTPases of plants) necessitates a complex and sophisticated regulatory system, in which guanine nucleotide exchange factors (RopGEFs) are key components. It was previously shown that a leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinase,Arabidopsis pollen receptor kinase 2 (AtPRK2), interacted with RopGEF12 for its membrane recruitment. However, the mechanisms underlying AtPRK2-mediated ROP activation in vivo are yet to be defined. It is reported here that over-expression of AtPRK2 induced tube bulging that was accompanied by the ectopic localization of ROP-GTP and the ectopic distribution of actin microfilaments. Tube depolarization was also induced by a potentially kinase-dead mutant, AtPRK2K366R, suggesting that the over-expression effect of AtPRK2 did not require its kinase activity. By contrast, deletions of non-catalytic domains in AtPRK2, i.e. the juxtamembrane (JM) and carboxy-terminal (CT) domains, abolished its ability to affect tube polarization. Notably, AtPRK2K366R retained the ability to interact with RopGEF12, whereas AtPRK2 truncations of these non-catalytic domains did not. Lastly, it has been shown that the JM and CT domains of AtPRK2 were not only critical for its interaction with RopGEF12 but also critical for its distribution at the plasma membrane. These results thus provide further insight into pollen receptor kinase-mediated ROP activation during pollen tube growth.