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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Florence, South Carolina » Coastal Plain Soil, Water and Plant Conservation Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #307761

Title: Removal and recovery of ammonia from livestock wastewater using hydrophobic gas-permeable membranes

item Vanotti, Matias
item GARCIA GONZALEZ, MARIA CRUZ - Castilla Institute

Submitted to: American Chemical Society Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/24/2014
Publication Date: 7/24/2014
Citation: Vanotti, M.B., Garcia Gonzalez, M. 2014. Removal and recovery of ammonia from livestock wastewater using hydrophobic gas-permeable membranes. American Chemical Society Abstracts. 370. Available:

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The costs of fertilizers have rapidly increased in recent years, especially nitrogen fertilizer such as anhydrous ammonia which is made from natural gas. Thus, new treatment technologies for abatement of ammonia emissions in livestock operations are being focused on nitrogern (N) recovery in addition to the N removal. Nitrogen recovery from swine manure was investigated using a new technology that uses gas-permeable membranes at low pressure. Membrane manifolds are submerged in the manure and the ammonia is removed from the liquid before it escapes into the air. Bench experiments were conducted using raw liquid swine manure collected from manure pits in nursery, finishing and sow barns. This provided manures of various strengths (low, medium and high) with ammonia concentrations ranging from 1065 to 2285 milligrams per liter (mg/L) and total solids concentrations from 8.6 to 24.9 grams per liter (g/L). As ammonia content increased in manure, more N was captured by the process. The process was optimized by controlling the pH. It recovered, in a concentrated form, more than 80% of the ammonia contained in the raw manure. The volatile solids did not pass through the gas-permeable membrane. These results suggested that the new technology is useful for recovering and concentrating the ammonia contained in raw swine manure, reducing environmental pollution potential while converting ammonia into a valuable plant fertilizer.