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Location: Soybean/maize Germplasm, Pathology, and Genetics Research

Title: Nyamiviridae: Proposal for a new family in the order Mononegavirales

item Kuhn, Jens - National Institutes Of Health (NIH)
item Bekal, Sadia - University Of Illinois
item Cai, Yingyun - National Institutes Of Health (NIH)
item Clawson, Anna - National Institutes Of Health (NIH)
item Domier, Leslie
item Herrel, Marieke - Okayama University
item Jahrling, Peter - National Institutes Of Health (NIH)
item Kondo, Hideki - Okayama University
item Lambert, Kris - University Of Illinois
item Mihindukulasuriya, Kathie - Washington University School Of Medicine
item Nowotny, Norbert - University Of Veterinary Medicine
item Radoshitzky, Sheli - United States Army Center For Health Promotion And Preventative Medicine
item Schneider, Urs - University Of Illinois
item Staeheli, Peter - University Of Illinois
item Suzuki, Nobuhior - University Of Illinois
item Tesh, Robert - University Of Texas
item Wang, David - Washington University School Of Medicine
item Wang, Lin-fa - Australian Animal Health
item Dietzgen, Ralf - University Of Queensland

Submitted to: Archives of Virology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/12/2013
Publication Date: 5/1/2013
Publication URL:
Citation: Kuhn, J.H., Bekal, S., Cai, Y., Clawson, A.N., Domier, L.L., Herrel, M., Jahrling, P.B., Kondo, H., Lambert, K.N., Mihindukulasuriya, K.A., Nowotny, N., Radoshitzky, S.R., Schneider, U., Staeheli, P., Suzuki, N., Tesh, R.B., Wang, D., Wang, L., Dietzgen, R.G. 2013. Nyamiviridae: Proposal for a new family in the order Mononegavirales. Archives of Virology. 159(10):2209-2226.

Interpretive Summary: Viruses are classified on the basis biological and molecular characteristics, including the structure and composition of their genomes. As new viruses are discovered, new taxonomic divisions need to be created for viruses that do not fit into previously established families or genera. Recently, a group of viruses was described that infect invertebrates, and in some cases, are transmitted from invertebrates to birds. Members of this new group of viruses all have RNA genomes that are distinct from previously described viruses. For this reason, a new virus family, Nyamiviridae, was created to describe this group of viruses. The new family includes tick-borne viruses that infect birds and a virus of soybean cyst nematode. This information will be of interest to scientists who are studying the relationships among viruses and classifying newly discovered viruses.

Technical Abstract: Nyamanini virus (NYMV) and Midway virus (MIDWV) are unclassified tick-borne agents that infect land birds and seabirds, respectively. The recent molecular characterization of both viruses confirmed their already known close serological relationship and revealed them to be nonsegmented, single- and negative-stranded RNA viruses that are clearly related to, but quite distinct from, members of the order Mononegavirales (bornaviruses, filoviruses, paramyxoviruses, and rhabdoviruses). A third agent, soybean cyst nematode virus 1 (SbCNV-1, previously named soybean cyst nematode nyavirus), was recently found to be an additional member of this new virus group. Here, we review the current knowledge about all three viruses and propose classifying them as members of a new mononegaviral family, Nyamiviridae.