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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Bowling Green, Kentucky » Food Animal Environmental Systems Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #305703

Research Project: Efficient Management and Use of Animal Manure to Protect Human Health and Environmental Quality

Location: Food Animal Environmental Systems Research

Title: Online air analysis of reduced sulfur compounds at a swine facility

Author
item Silva, Philip - Phil

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/28/2014
Publication Date: 11/4/2014
Citation: Silva, P.J. 2014. Online air analysis of reduced sulfur compounds at a swine facility. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts. Abstract.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Reduced sulfur compounds are emitted from waste management handling and can be important in odor production and atmospheric chemistry. Data on the emissions of these compounds have been obtained using off-line sampling and analysis methods, but on-line methods providing information on temporal changes due to emissions or chemistry are sparse. We present here on-line reduced sulfur measurements using a continuous sampling gas chromatograph. Sampling took place at a swine production facility that composts manure for later field application. We describe adaptations needed to make the method useful for field experiments and results from field work. The instrument detected reduced sulfur compounds of interest in the living area and at the exhaust fan with 10 minute time response for hydrogen sulfide, methanethiol, dimethylsulfide and dimethyldisulfide. Data indicate that the concentrations of these compounds exhibit rapid temporal changes due to movement of the waste; these emission features would be missed with bulk sampling methods over extended time periods. Dimethyldisulfide exhibited a different temporal emission profile than the other sulfur compounds probably representing the impact of oxygen from turning the compost.