Submitted to: American Association of Avian Pathologist
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/8/2014
Publication Date: 7/25/2014
Citation: Swayne, D.E., Spackman, E. 2014. Respiratory diseases of global consequence. In: Proceedings of the Respiratory Diseases Symposium. Annual Meeting of the American Association of Avian Pathologists, July 25-30, 2014, Denver, Colorado. CDROM. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Respiratory diseases are one of the two major categories of poultry diseases that cause the most severe economic losses globally (the other being enteric disease). The economic impact of respiratory disease is both direct, from the production losses caused by primary disease and indirect from prevention, control (e.g. vaccination, antibiotic treatment) and in some cases loss of markets. Some respiratory diseases are of such importance they are reportable to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and include infectious bronchitis, Newcastle disease (ND), highly pathogenic avian influenza, H5 and H7 subtype low pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI), infectious laryngotracheitis, and avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum and M. synoviae). However, numerous other respiratory diseases are of economic significance but are not reportable internationally such as non-H5/H7 LPAI, avian metapneumovirus, fowl cholera, coryza, Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale and other mycoplasma species.