Submitted to: Review Article
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/20/2014
Publication Date: 6/11/2014
Citation: Kingsley, D.H. 2014. High pressure processing of bivalve shellfish and HPP's potential use as a virus intervention. Review Article. DOI:10.3390/foods3020336. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Bivalve shellfish readily bioconcentrate pathogenic microbes and substance, such as algal and dinoflagulate toxins, fecal viruses and bacteria, and naturally present vibrio bacteria. High pressure processing (HPP) is currently used as an intervention for Vibrio vulnificus bacteria within molluscan shellfish and its potential to inactivate food-borne viruses and bacteria are discussed. Mechanisms of action of high pressure against bacteria and viruses, as well as how time of pressure application, pressure levels, and pre-pressurization temperature influence inactivation are described. Matrix influences such as ionic strength are noted as important additional considerations. The potential of HPP to influence spoilage and enhance shelf-life of shucked shellfish is also discussed.