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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Ames, Iowa » National Animal Disease Center » Ruminant Diseases and Immunology Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #302811

Research Project: IDENTIFICATION OF HOST IMMUNE FACTORS AND INTERVENTION STRATEGIES FOR MASTITIS

Location: Ruminant Diseases and Immunology Research

Title: Effects of d-a-Tocopherol and dietary energy on growth and health of pre-ruminant dairy calves.

Author
item KRUEGER, LUCAS - Iowa State University
item BEITZ, DONALD - Iowa State University
item ONDA, KEN - Iowa State University
item OSMAN, MOHAMMED - Iowa State University
item O'NEIL, MATT - Iowa State University
item LEI, SAMANTHA - Iowa State University
item STUART, ROBERT - Stuart Products Incorporated
item TYLER, HOWARD - Iowa State University
item Nonnecke, Brian

Submitted to: Iowa State University Animal Industry Report
Publication Type: Research Technical Update
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/6/2013
Publication Date: 2/5/2014
Citation: Krueger, L., Beitz, D., Onda, K., Osman, M., O'Neil, M., Lei, S., Stuart, R., Tyler, H., Nonnecke, B.J. 2014. Effects of d-a-Tocopherol and dietary energy on growth and health of pre-ruminant dairy calves.. Iowa State University Animal Industry Report. Animal Science Leaflet R2880.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Neonatal dairy calves throughout the United States are commonly fed pasteurized whole milk as the primary dietary component during their first several weeks of life. Whole milk fails to meet the recommendations for dietary inclusion of vitamins D and E for neonatal calves put forth by the National Research Council (2001). Vitamins A, D, and E are all thought to affect innate and cell-mediated immune responses by aiding cell proliferation and differentiation as well as oxidative burst function. All of these functions may vary according to energy status of the animal. As the neonatal calf does not produce measurable endogenous antibody until several weeks of age, these innate and cell mediated immune responses are critical for health. The objective of this study was to characterize the effects of both energy and vitamin supplementation on the growth and health of Holstein bull calves.