Submitted to: Merck Veterinary Manual
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/1/2014
Publication Date: 8/30/2016
Citation: Swayne, D.E. 2016. Avian influenza. In: Aiello, S.E., Moses, M.A., editors. Merck Veterinary Manual. 11th edition. Kenilworth, NJ: Merck & Co. p. 2902-2904.
Technical Abstract: Avian influenza (AI) viruses infect domestic poultry and wild birds. In domestic poultry, AI viruses are typically of low pathogenicity (LP) causing subclinical infections, respiratory disease or drops in egg production. However, a few AI viruses cause severe systemic disease with high mortality; i.e. highly pathogenic (HP) AI. This book chapter provides general information for the veterinary practitioner on etiology, clinical signs, lesions, diagnosis, prevention and control of avian influenza in poultry.