Location: Healthy Body Weight ResearchTitle: Caregiver’s feeding styles questionnaire - new factors and correlates Author
Submitted to: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/15/2014
Publication Date: 4/20/2014
Citation: Kimble, A., Hubbs-Tait, L., Hayes, J., Sigman-Grant, M., Jahns, L.A., Dickin, K., Idris, R., Mobley, A. 2014. Caregiver’s feeding styles questionnaire - new factors and correlates. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference. 28:808.4. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Study objectives were to conduct exploratory factor analysis (EFA) of Caregiver’s Feeding Styles Questionnaire (CFSQ) and evaluate correlations between factors and maternal feeding practices, attitudes, and perceptions. Mothers (N = 144) were 43% minority race/ethnicity, 24% full-time employed, 54% married, and 100% low income; children were < age 6 (51% male). EFA and reliability analyses revealed a 3-factor solution: an 8-item “extrinsic motivation” factor (a = .86) that included food and non-food rewards and removing food and non-food items; a 3-item “positive food talk” factor (a = .66) that included asking questions about food, complimenting the child about eating, and making positive comments; and a 4-item “feeding power assertion” (a = .68) factor that included physically struggling with child, spoonfeeding, and telling child to hurry. “Feeding power assertion” was correlated with concern about overweight, r = .25; perception of child weight, r = -.19; and modeling healthy eating, r = -.22; all ps < .05. “Extrinsic motivation” was related only to perception of child weight, r = -.27, p=.001. “Positive food talk” was related to overt and covert control, r = .31 and .20, and modeling of healthy eating, r = .18, all ps < .05. Results support previous findings on CFSQ and extend them by identifying the promotion of positive parent-child conversations about feeding as a potential target for child obesity prevention.